Hyparrhenia hirta

From Wikispecies
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hyparrhenia hirta
Hyparrhenia hirta

Taxonavigation

[edit]
Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Andropogoneae
Subtribus: Andropogoninae
Genus: Hyparrhenia
Species: Hyparrhenia hirta

Name

[edit]

Hyparrhenia hirta (L.) Stapf, 1919

Synonyms

[edit]
  • Basionym
    • Andropogon hirtus L., Sp. Pl.: 1046 (1753).
  • Homotypic
    • Andropogon distachyos var. hirtus (L.) Koeler, Descr. Gram. Gall. Germ.: 119 (1802).
    • Trachypogon hirtus (L.) Nees in C.F.P.von Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2: 346 (1829).
    • Heteropogon hirtus (L.) Andersson in G.Schweinfurth, Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 310 (1867), nom. illeg.
    • Cymbopogon hirtus (L.) Nees ex Baker, Fl. Mauritius: 446 (1877).
    • Sorghum hirtum (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 792 (1891).
  • Heterotypic
    • Andropogon pilosus Dufour ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2: 819 (1817), nom. illeg.
    • Andropogon pubescens Vis., Flora 12(1 Erg.): 3 (1829), nom. illeg.
    • Andropogon giganteus Ten., Fl. Napol. 5: 285 (1836).
    • Andropogon hirtus var. angustissimus Mutel, Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 4 (1837).
    • Andropogon sinaicus Delile, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 7: 285 (1837).
    • Andropogon hirtus var. glaucus Schrad., Linnaea 12: 475 (1838).
    • Andropogon podotrichus Hochst. ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 384 (1854).
    • Anthistiria vulcanica Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 400 (1854).
    • Andropogon hirtus var. longiaristatus Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 47 (1861), nom. superfl.
    • Heteropogon pubescens Andersson in G.Schweinfurth, Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 310 (1867).
    • Hyparrhenia podotricha (Hochst. ex Steud.) Andersson in G.Schweinfurth, Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 310 (1867), genus nom. inval.
    • Trachypogon pubescens (Andersson) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 180 (1869).
    • Andropogon hirtus var. pubescens (Andersson) Vis., Fl. Dalmat., Suppl.: 150 (1872), nom. superfl.
    • Andropogon dalmaticus Gand., Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 32 (1883).
    • Andropogon pichleri Gand., Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 32 (1883).
    • Andropogon ambiguus Gennari in W.Barbey, Fl. Sard. Comp.: 190 (1885), nom. illeg.
    • Andropogon hirtus var. podotrichus (Hochst. ex Steud.) Hack. in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 620 (1889).
    • Andropogon hirtus subsp. podotrichus (Hochst. ex Steud.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 24 (1890).
    • Andropogon hirtus subsp. pubescens (Andersson) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 24 (1890).
    • Andropogon hirsutus var. pubescens Husn., Graminées: 16 (1896).
    • Andropogon transvaalensis Stapf in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 363 (1898).
    • Andropogon collinus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 372 (1909).
    • Cymbopogon pubescens (Andersson) Fritsch, Excursionsfl. Oesterreich, ed. 2: 47 (1909).
    • Andropogon hirtus var. velutinus Goiran, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 17: 36 (1910).
    • Cymbopogon transvaalensis (Stapf) Stapf ex Burtt Davy, Ann. Transvaal Mus. 3: 122 (1912).
    • Andropogon modicus De Wild., Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 6: 16 (1919), pro syn.
    • Cymbopogon modicus De Wild., Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 6: 16 (1919).
    • Hyparrhenia pubescens (Andersson) Chiov., Pl. Nov. Aethiop.: 29 (1928).
    • Andropogon hirtus var. glaucus Nábelek, Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 111: 5 (1929), nom. illeg.
    • Hyparrhenia modica (De Wild.) Robyns, Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 1: 172 (1929).
    • Andropogon hirtus var. glabriglumis Oppenh., Florul. Transiord.: 145 (1931).
    • Andropogon pubescens var. breviaristata Sennen, Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 32: n° 7225 (1932).
    • Cymbopogon hirtus f. pubescens (Andersson) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 368 (1933).
    • Hyparrhenia hirta var. longiaristata Rothm. & P.Silva, Agron. Lusit. 1: 240 (1939).
    • Hyparrhenia hirta var. podotricha (Hochst. ex Steud.) Pic.Serm., Miss. Stud. Lago Tana 1: 174 (1951).
    • Hyparrhenia hirta f. podotricha (Hochst. ex Schimp.) Maire & Weiler, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 291 (1952).
    • Hyparrhenia hirta f. podotricha (Hochst. ex Steud.) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 291 (1952).
    • Hyparrhenia hirta f. pubescens (Andersson) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 291 (1952).
    • Hyparrhenia hirta f. brachyphylla Paunero, Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 15: 430 (1957), no Latin descr.
    • Hyparrhenia hirta subsp. pubescens (Andersson) Paunero, Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 15: 430 (1957).
    • Hyparrhenia hirta var. villosa Paunero, Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 15: 430 (1957), no Latin descr.
    • Hyparrhenia hirta subsp. villosa Pignatti, Arch. Bot. Biogeogr. Ital. 34: 3 (1958).
    • Hyparrhenia hirta var. pubescens (Andersson) Ravi, Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 14: 209 (1964).
    • Cymbopogon hirtus subsp. villosus (Pignatti) Pignatti, Giorn. Bot. Ital. 111: 60 (1977).
    • Hyparrhenia sinaica (Delile) G.López, Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 51: 313 (1993 publ. 1994).

Distribution

[edit]
Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Czechoslovakia (introduced).
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Sicilia, Yugoslavia.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores (introduced), Canary Islands, Madeira.
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Mauritania, Niger.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Zaire.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan.
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Botswana, Cape Provinces, Lesotho, Namibia, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Swaziland, Northern Provinces.
    • Regional: Middle Atlantic Ocean
      • Ascension (introduced).
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Madagascar.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Sinai, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Gulf States, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh (introduced), Pakistan.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Cambodia (introduced).
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia (introduced).
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii (introduced).
  • Continental: Northern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Florida.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Mexico Southeast.
  • Continental: Southern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Leeward Islands.
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • Venezuela.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil South.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

[edit]

Primary references

[edit]

Additional references

[edit]
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
[edit]

Vernacular names

[edit]
Afrikaans: dektamboekiegras
català: albellatge
English: common thatching grass, coolatai grass, South African bluestem, thatching grass
español: cerrillo, fenàs de cuca
français: barbon hérissé
italiano: barboncino mediterraneo
Türkçe: damsazı
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Hyparrhenia hirta on Wikimedia Commons.