Gymnadenia nigra

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Gymnadenia nigra

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Gymnadenia
Species: Gymnadenia nigra

Name[edit]

Gymnadenia nigra (L.) Rchb.f., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 321 (1856)

Synonymy[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Satyrium nigrum L., Sp. Pl.: 944 (1753)
  • Homotypic
    • Orchis nigra (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 2: 200 (1772)
    • Habenaria nigra (L.) R.Br. in W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 5: 192 (1813)
    • Sieberia nigra (L.) Spreng., Anleit. Kenntn. Gew., ed. 2, 2(1): 282 (1817)
    • Nigritella nigra (L.) Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 24: 102 (1908)
  • Heterotypic
    • Orchis variegata Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 241 (1789), nom. illeg.
    • Orchis nigra var. flore-rosea DC. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck & A.P.de Candolle, Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 5: 331 (1815), contrary to Art. 23.6. (ICN, 2012)
    • Nigritella angustifolia Rich., De Orchid. Eur.: 34 (1817)
    • Nigritella fragrans Saut. ex Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 8: 1010 (1830)
    • Orchis atropurpurea Tausch, Flora 14: 223 (1831)
    • Orchis reichenbachii Mutel, Fl. Franç. Herbor. 3: 245 (1836)
    • Nigritella suaveolens W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 690 (1837)
    • Nigritella suaveolens var. nigroconopsea Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 104 (1851)
    • Nigritella brachystachya A.Kern., Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 15: 224 (1865)
    • Nigritella megastachya A.Kern., Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 15: 222 (1865)
    • Nigritella hybrida Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 647 (1866)
    • Orchis moritziana Brügger, Beitr. Kennt. Ung. Chur.: 58 (1874)
    • Nigritella angustifolia f. longibracteata Beck, Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 5: 577 (1890)
    • Gymnadenia nigra var. longibracteata (Beck) Wettst., Biblioth. Bot. 26: 92 (1892)
    • × Gymnigritella brachystachya (A.Kern.) E.G.Camus in E.G.Camus, P.Bergon & A.A.Camus, Monogr. Orchid.: 358 (1908)
    • × Gymnigritella megastachya (A.Kern.) E.G.Camus in E.G.Camus, P.Bergon & A.A.Camus, Monogr. Orchid.: 359 (1908)
    • Nigritella nigra f. longibracteata (Beck) Soó, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 93 (1928)

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Norway, Sweden.
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria, Germany, Switzerland.
    • Southwestern Europe
      • France, Spain.
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Italy, Romania, Yugoslavia.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

български: Обикновена чернушка
català: Nigritel·la negra
Deutsch: Schwarzes Kohlröschen
français: Nigritelle noire
hornjoserbsce: Čorna smalnička
italiano: Nigritella nera
lietuvių: Smulkiažiedė juodukė
norsk: Svartkurle
polski: Ciemnogłów wąskolistny
svenska: Brunkulla


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