Graphium

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Graphium sarpedon, ♀ Nepal, ♂ Brunei.

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Papilioniformes 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Divisio: Ditrysia
Sectio: Cossina
Subsectio: Bombycina
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea
Series: Papilioniformes

Familia: Papilionidae
Subfamilia: Papilioninae
Tribus: Leptocircini
Genus: Graphium
Subgenera: G. (Arisbe) – G. (Graphium) – G. (Paranticopsis) – G. (Pathysa) – G. (Pazala)

Name[edit]

Graphium Scopoli, 1777: 433.

Type Species: Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus, 1758: 461. Designated by Hemming, 1933: 199; 1967: 202.

Synonymy[edit]

  • Zelima Fabricius, 1807 Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 279. TS: Papilio pylades Fabricius.
  • Idaides Hübner, [1819] Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 85. TS: Papilio codrus Cramer.
  • Zetides Hübner, [1819] Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 85. TS: Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus.
  • Arisbe Hübner, [1819] Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 89. TS: Papilio leonidas Fabricius.
  • Ailus Billberg, 1820 Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 81 (repl. for Zelima Fabricius, 1807)). TS: Papilio pylades Fabricius.
  • Chlorisses Swainson, 1832 Zool. Illustr. (2) 2 (19): pl. 89. TS: Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus.
  • Semicaudati Koch, 1860 Stettin ent. Ztg 21: 231. TS: Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus.
  • Pathysa Reakirt, [1865] Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 3: 503. TS: Papilio antiphates Cramer.
  • Dalchina Moore, [1881] Lepid. Ceylon 1(4): 143. TS: Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus.
  • Paranticopsis Wood-Mason & de Nicéville, [1887] J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 55 Pt.II (4): 376. TS: Papilio macareus Godart.
  • Pazala Moore, 1888 Descr. Indian lep. Atkinson (3): 283. TS: Papilio glycerion Gray.
  • Deoris Moore, [1903] Lepidoptera Indica 6: 31. TS: Papilio agetes Westwood.
  • Klinzigia Niculescu, 1977, nec Lehrer, 1970.
  • Klinzigiana Niculescu, 1989 (repl. name).
  • Eurypyleana Niculescu, 1989. TS: Papilio eurypylus Linnaeus.
  • Macfarlaneana Niculescu, 1989. TS: Papilio agamemnon Linnaeus.
  • Munroana Niculescu, 1989.
  • Wallaceana Niculescu, 1989.

References[edit]

  • Hanafusa, H. 1993: A list of butterflies from Mentawai Islands, Indonesia (1). Futao, 11: 1-13. reference page 
  • Hanafusa, H., 1997: A new subspecies of Graphium dorcus (De Haan) from Butung Is., Indonesia (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae). Futao 26: 1-2.
  • Hanafusa, H., 1998: A new subspecies of Graphium batjanensis Okano, 1984 from Morotai Is., Indonesia (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae). Futao 27: 4-5.
  • Hemming, A. F., 1933. On the Types of certain butterfly genera. Entomologist 66: 196-200 reference page 
  • Hemming, A. F., 1967. The generic names of the butterflies and their type species (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. 1967, Suppl. 9. BHL. reference page 
  • Linnaeus C. (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio Decima, Reformata. Tomus I (II). Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm. BHL reference page 
  • Medicielo, M.M. & H. Hanafusa 1994: Descriptions of five new butterflies from Philippines and Indonesia with some revisional notes (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Satyridae, Riodinidae). Futao 15: 16-19.
  • Monastyrskii, A.L., 2012: New taxa and new records of butterflies from Vietnam (4) (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Atalanta 43: 156-164.
  • Morita, S., 2004: A new subspecies of Graphium empedovana (Corbet, 1941) from Terengganu Province, Malaysia (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Futao 47: 20.
  • Morita, S., 2009: Two new subspecies of Graphium ramaceus (Westwood, 1872) from Tioman Isl. and Langkawi Isl., Malaysia (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Futao 55: 10-11.
  • Müller, C.J. & W.J. Tennent, 1999: A new species of Graphium Scopoli (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) from the Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. Records of the Australian Museum 51: 161-168. Full article: [1].
  • Okano, K. 1986 : Two New Subspecies of Butterflies from Thailand. Tokurana 11(3): 1-8
  • Scopoli, G.A., 1777. Introductio ad historiam naturalem, sistens genera lapidum, plantarum et animalium hactenus detecta.... Prague. 540pp. BHL.  reference page 
  • Yagishita, A., 2007: A new subspecies of Graphium batjanensis Okano, 1984 and a new species of the genus Delias Hübner from Central Halmahera Is., Indonesia (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae and  Pieridae). Futao 53: 10-12.

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Swordtail butterfly
日本語: アオスジアゲハ属
中文: 青鳳蝶屬
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