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Classification System: APG III

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Geraniales
Familiae: Francoaceae - Geraniaceae - Greyiaceae - Melianthaceae - Vivianiaceae


Geraniales Juss. ex Bercht. & J. Presl Prir. Rostlin, 221. (1820)


  • Francoales
  • Greyiales
  • Ledocarpales
  • Melianthales

See discussion page.


  • Jussieu, A.L. de 1820. O Prirozenosti Rostlin 221.
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1–20. doi: 10.1111/boj.12385  reference page  Favours two families.
  • Applequist, W.L. 2012. Report of the nomenclature committee for vascular plants: 64. Taxon 61(5): 1108–1117. There was no consensus for or against a proposal to superconserve Melianthaceae against Francoaceae.
  • Palazzesi, L., Gottschling, M., Barreda, V., & Weigend, M. (2012) First Miocene fossils of Vivianiaceae shed new light on phylogeny, divergence times, and historical biogeography of Geraniales. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 107: 67-85. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2012.01910.x Full text from ResearchGate reference page  Favours five families.
  • Reveal, J.L. 2009. (1915) Proposal to conserve Melianthaceae, nom. cons., against Francoaceae (Magnoliophyta), a superconservation" proposal. Taxon 58(4): 1373–1374.
  • Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012 [and more or less continuously updated since]. (web site)
  • Sytsma, K.J., Spalink, D. & Berger, B. 2014. Calibrated chronograms, fossils, outgroup relationships, and root priors: re‐examining the historical biogeography of Geraniales. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 113(1): 29-49. doi: 10.1111/bij.12297 Full text PDF  reference page  Favours two families.
  • 2014. Geraniales Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Jan. 25.

Vernacular name[edit]

العربية: غرنوقيات
azərbaycanca: Ətirşahçiçəklilər
беларуская: Геранекветныя
català: Geranial
čeština: kakostotvaré
dansk: Storkenæb-ordenen
Deutsch: Storchschnabelartige
فارسی: شمعدانی‌سانان
한국어: 쥐손이풀목
hrvatski: Iglicolike
עברית: גרנאים
Latina: Geraniales
lietuvių: Snaputiečiai
magyar: Gólyaorrvirágúak
македонски: Здравцовидни
日本語: フウロソウ目
norsk bokmål: Storkenebbordenen
polski: Bodziszkowce
русский: Гераниецветные
slovenčina: pakostotvaré
svenska: Näveordningen
తెలుగు: జిరానియేలిస్
Tiếng Việt: Bộ Mỏ hạc
українська: Геранієцвіті
中文: 牻牛儿苗目
For more multimedia, look at Geraniales on Wikimedia Commons.