Echium plantagineum

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Echium plantagineum, Lisboa, Portugal
Echium plantagineum

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Boraginales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Boraginales

Familia: Boraginaceae
Subfamilia: Boraginoideae
Tribus: Lithospermeae
Genus: Echium
Sectio: E. sect. Echium
Species: Echium plantagineum

Name[edit]

Echium plantagineum L., Mant. Pl. Altera: 202 (1771).

  • Lectotypus: "Lycopsis lato Plantaginis folio Italica" in Barrelier, Pl. Galliam, 16, t. 1026, 1714 (designated by: Gibbs, Lagascalia 1: 58 (1971))

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Echium creticum subsp. plantagineum (L.) Malag., Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 18: 9 (1976 publ. 1977).
  • Heterotypic
    • Echium creticum Lam., Tabl. Encyc. 1: 412 (1791), nom. illeg. non L.
    • Echium lusitanicum Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 4 (1768) nom. illeg. non L.
    • Echium murale Hill, Brit. Herb.: 388 (1756), nom. inval..
    • Echium plantagineum var. grandiflorum Colmeiro, in sched.
    • Echium plantagineum var. maroccanum Sennen, Diagn. Pl. Nouv. Esp. Maroc 109 (1951).
    • Echium alonsoi Sennen & Mauricio in É.M.G.Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 237 (1936).
    • Echium bonariense Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 8: 674 (1808).
    • Echium diffusum Jan ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 515 (1881), nom. illeg..
    • Echium longistamineum Pourr. ex Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées, Suppl.: 29 (1818).
    • Echium maritimum Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 1: 788 (1798).
    • Echium orientale Stephan, Enum. Stirp. Agr. Mosq.: 124 (1792), nom. illeg..
    • Echium plantagineum var. album Mattos, Loefgrenia 85: 2 (1984).
    • Echium plantagineum var. monodasystemon Beauverd & Felipp., Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 13: 7 (1921).
    • Echium plantaginifolium L. ex Moris, Att. Riunione Sci. Ital. 8: 564 (1847).
    • Echium plantaginoides Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 4: 19 (1819).
    • Echium pseudoviolaceum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 470 (1866).
    • Echium sennenii Pau, Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 363 (1924).
      • Echium plantagineum var. sennenii (Pau) Sauvage & Vindt, Fl. Maroc. 2: 176 (1954).
  • Misapplied names
    • Echium lycopsis auct. non L., Fl. Angl.: 12 (1754), nom. rej.. [= Echium asperrimum].
      • Lectotypus: "Echii altera species" in Dodoëns, Stirp. Hist. Pempt., ed. 2, 630, 631, 1616 (designated by: Stearn, Introd. Ray's Syn. Meth. Stirp. Brit. (Ray Soc. ed.): 65 (1973))
    • Echium violaceum L., Mant. Pl.: 42 (1767) [= Echium spec.].
      • Original material: Herb. Linn. No. 191.20 (LINN), Clusius 1601. Rar. Pl. Hist., 2: 164.

Homonyms[edit]

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Great Britain.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany (introduced).
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares (Ibiza with Formentera, Mallorca, Menorca), Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Sicilia (Sicily, Malta), Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia (Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia).
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus (introduced), Krym, Central European Russia (introduced), South European Russia, Ukraine (introduced).
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores (Faial, Flores, Graciosa, Pico, Santa Maria, Sao Jorge, Sao Miguel, Terceira), Canary Islands (Gran Canaria, Gomera, Hierro, La Palma, Tenerife), Madeira (Desertas, Madeira, Porto Santo), Selvagens.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa (introduced)
      • Eritrea, Ethiopia.
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa (introduced)
      • Kenya, Tanzania.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa (introduced)
      • Zimbabwe.
    • Regional: Southern Africa (introduced)
      • Cape Provinces, Lesotho, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Northern Provinces.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Gruziya)
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon, Syria), Palestine (Israel, Jordan), Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Saudi Arabia.
  • Continental: Australasia (introduced)
    • Regional: Australia
      • Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Northern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • Manitoba.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • Newfoundland, Ontario.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Oregon.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
  • Continental: Southern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil South.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile South, Uruguay.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: زهرة الأفعى الحملية
български: Живовлеково усойниче
Cymraeg: Gwiberlys porffor
Deutsch: Wegerichblättriger Natternkopf
English: Purple Viper's-bugloss
español: Viborera
suomi: Ratamoneidonkieli
français: Vipérine à feuilles de plantain
hornjoserbsce: Putnikołopjenata hrimanka
italiano: Viperina piantaginea
日本語: シャゼンムラサキ
Nederlands: Weegbreeslangenkruid
русский: Синяк подорожниковый
svenska: Blå snokört
українська: Синяк подорожниковий
中文: 车前叶蓝蓟
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Echium plantagineum on Wikimedia Commons.