Echium candicans

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Echium candicans

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Boraginales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Boraginales

Familia: Boraginaceae
Subfamilia: Boraginoideae
Tribus: Lithospermeae
Genus: Echium
Sectio: E. sect. Pachylepis
Species: Echium candicans

Name[edit]

Echium candicans L.f., Suppl Pl. 131. 1782.

  • Ind. loc.: “Madeira.”
  • Typus: Masson, Herb. Linn. No. 191.5 (LINN). “Echium thyrsiflorum in rupis altis. Masson ex litteris.”

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Argyrexias candicans (L.f.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 86. 1838.
    • Echium thyrsiflorum Masson ex Link in Buch, Phys. Beschr. Canar. Ins. 144. 1825.
  • Heterotypic
    • Echium brachyanthum Hornem., Hort. Hafn. 1: 182. 1813.
    • Echium candicans var. noronhae Menezes, Ann. Sci. Nat. Porto 8: 95. 1903. (given by Bramwell (1972) and in Plant List as Fl. Archip. Mad.: “180” (Bibdigital: 115). 1914.)
    • Echium cynoglossoides Desf., Tabl. École Bot., ed. 2 86. 1815. nom. nud.
    • Echium cynoglossoides Poir., Encyc. Suppl. 5, 487. 1817.
    • Echium densiflorum DC., Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp. 108. 1813.
    • Echium fastuosum Dryand. in Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. 2 1: 300. 1810, nom. illeg. non Echium fastuosum Salisb. Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 114. 1796.
    • Echium macrophyllum Lehm., Pl. Asperif. Nucif. 2: 412. 1818.
    • Echium maderense hort. ex Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 541. 1840. nom. nud.
    • Echium marianum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 11: 95. 1849.
    • Echium pallidum Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 114. 1796.
    • Echium pavonianum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 11: 96. 1849.
    • Echium truncatum hort. ex W.Irving, Gard. Chron. Ser. III 51(1327): 368. 1912. nom. nud.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Spain (adventive)
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Italy (naturalized)
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Madeira (Madeira (native); Porto Santo (not native))
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • South Australia (naturalized)
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North (naturalized), New Zealand South (naturalized).
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California (naturalized).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: Hadinec převislý
Deutsch: Madeira-Natternkopf
English: Pride of Madeira
español: Orgullo de Madeira
français: Vipérine de Madère
polski: Żmijowiec wspaniały
português: Massaroco
русский: Синяк белеющий
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