Dracaena fragrans

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Dracaena fragrans

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Nolinoideae
Tribus: Dracaeneae
Genus: Dracaena
Species: Dracaena fragrans

Name[edit]

Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. 27: t. 1081. 1808.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Aletris fragrans L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 456 (1762)
  • Homotypic
    • Aloe fragrantissima Jacq., Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 309 (1762), nom. superfl.
    • Pleomele fragrans (L.) Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 245 (1796).
    • Sansevieria fragrans (L.) Jacq., Fragm. Bot.: 29 (1803).
    • Cordyline fragrans (L.) Planch., Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 6: 111 (1850).
    • Draco fragrans (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 710 (1891).
  • Heterotypic
    • Dracaena ensifolia var. greigii Regel, Gartenflora 20: 139 (1871).
    • Dracaena smithii Baker ex Hook.f., Bot. Mag. 101: t. 6169 (1875).
    • Dracaena lindenii Linden ex André, Ill. Hort. 27: 85 (1880).
    • Dracaena fragrans var. massangeana (Rodigas) É.Morren, Belgique Hort. 31: 327 (1881).
    • Dracaena massangeana Rodigas, Rev. Hort. Belg. 7: 210 (1881).
    • Dracaena aureolus W.Bull ex Mast., Gard. Chron., n.s., 19: 404 (1883).
    • Dracaena fragrans f. wacheana Wacha ex Siebert, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1065 (1895).
    • Dracaena latifolia f. rothiana Siebert, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1064 (1895).
    • Dracaena steudneri var. kilimandscharica Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 143 (1895).
    • Dracaena broomfieldii Sander ex Mast., Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 20: 666 (1896).
    • Dracaena ugandensis Baker in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 445 (1898).
    • Dracaena victoria W.Bull, Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 24: 325 (1898).
    • Dracaena janssensii Mast., Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 25: 287 (1899).
    • Dracaena albanensis Sander ex Mast., Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 27: 206 (1900).
    • Dracaena deisteliana Engl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 96 (1902).
    • Dracaena deremensis Engl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 95 (1902).
    • Dracaena broomfieldii var. superba Sander ex Mast., Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 33: 245 (1903).
    • Dracaena butayei De Wild., Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 5, 1: 16 (1903).
    • Dracaena fragrans var. victoria (W.Bull) O.F.Cook, Garden (London, 1871-1927) 1903: 78 (1903).
    • Dracaena deremensis var. warneckei Engl., Gartenwelt 1907: 505 (1907).
    • Pleomele deremensis (Engl.) N.E.Br., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1914: 278 (1914).
    • Pleomele smithii (Baker ex Hook.f.) N.E.Br., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1914: 279 (1914).
    • Pleomele ugandensis (Baker) N.E.Br., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1914: 279 (1914).

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Tropical Africa
      • Angola; Benin; Cameroon; Central African Repu; Chagos Archipelago; Congo; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Gulf of Guinea Is.; Ivory Coast; Kenya; Leeward Is.; Liberia; Malawi; Mozambique; Nigeria; Panam; Puerto Rico; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Sudan; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zare; Zimbabwe

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Note[edit]

Aloe fragrantissima Jacq. is a few months older than Aletris fragrans L. and has priority. However, the publication of Dracaena fragratissima in Gardens Chronicle might not be valid. A conservation of Aletris fragrans could be desirabe.

References[edit]

Links[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

English: cornstalk dracaena
suomi: Tuoksutraakkipuu
svenska: Doftdracena
中文: 巴西木
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Dracaena fragrans on Wikimedia Commons.