From Wikispecies
Jump to: navigation, search


Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Antliophora
Ordo: Diptera
Subordines (2): Brachycera - Nematocera [paraphyletic]

Familia incertae sedis: †Hennigmatidae - †Limnorhyphidae


selected references[edit]

additional references[edit]

  • Amorim, D.S.; Yeates, D. 2006: Pesky gnats: ridding dipteran classification of the Nematocera. Studia dipterologica, 13: 3-9.
  • Bertone, M.A.; Courtney, G.W.; Wiegmann, B.M. 2008: Phylogenetics and temporal diversification of the earliest true flies (Insecta: Diptera) based on multiple nuclear genes. Systematic entomology, 33: 668-687. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2008.00437.x
  • Bickel, D. 2009: Biogeography of Diptera in the southwest Pacific. pp. 257–275 in: Pape, T.; Bickel, D.; Meier, R. (eds.) 2009: Diptera diversity: status, challenges and tools. Koninklijke Brill NV.
  • Bickel, D. 2009: Why Hilara is not amusing: the problem of open-ended taxa and the limits of taxonomic knowledge. pp. 279–301 in: Pape, T.; Bickel, D.; Meier, R. (eds.) 2009: Diptera diversity: status, challenges and tools. Koninklijke Brill NV.
  • Borkent, A. & Brown, B.V. 2015: How to inventory tropical flies (Diptera)—One of the megadiverse orders of insects. Zootaxa 3949(3): 301–322. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3949.3.1. Preview (PDF) Full article (PDF) reference page 
  • Convey, P.; Block, W. 1996: Antarctic Diptera: ecology, physiology and distribution. European journal of entomology, 93: 1–13.
  • Courtney, G.W. et al. 2009: Biodiversity of Diptera. pp. 185–222 in: Foottit, R.G.; Adler, P.H. (eds.) 2009: Insect biodiversity: science and society. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. ISBN 9781405151429
  • Erwin, T. 2013: FLIES – The Natural History and Diversity of Diptera. ZooKeys, 261: 85-86. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.261.4628 reference page 
  • Evenhuis, N.L. 2010: Type designations of Diptera (Insecta) in the Encyclopaedia Metropolitana. Zootaxa, 2653: 37–50. Preview
  • Evenhuis, N.L., Pape, T. & Pont, A.C. 2016. Nomenclatural Studies Toward a World List of Diptera Genus-Group Names. Part V: Pierre-Justin-Marie Macquart. Zootaxa 4172(1): 1–211. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4172.1.1. Full article (PDF) ISBN 978-1-77557-528-3 (paperback); ISBN 978-1-77557-529-0 (Online edition) reference page 
  • Evenhuis, N.L.; O'Hara, J.E.; Pape, T.; Pont, A.C. 2010: Nomenclatural studies toward a world list of Diptera genus-group Names. Part I: André-Jean-Baptiste Robineau-Desvoidy. Zootaxa 2373: 1–265. Preview PDF reference page 
  • Evenhuis, N.L.; Pape, T.; Pont, A.C. 2008: The problems of subsequent typification in genus-group names and use of the Zoological Record: a study of selected post-1930 Diptera genus-group names without type species designations. Zootaxa, 1912: 1–44. Abstract & excerpt PDF
  • Friedemann, K.; Schneeberg, K.; Beutel, R.G. 2014: Fly on the wall – attachment structures in lower Diptera. Systematic entomology, 39(3): 460-473. doi: 10.1111/syen.12064 reference page 
  • el-Hawagry, M.S., Abdel-Dayem, M.S., Elgharbawy, A.A. & al-Dhafer, H.M. 2016. A preliminary account of the fly fauna in Jabal Shada al-A’la Nature Reserve, Saudi Arabia, with new records and biogeographical remarks (Diptera, Insecta). ZooKeys 636: 107-139. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.636.9905. Reference page. 
  • Krzemiński, W.; Krzemińska, E. 2003. Triassic Diptera: descriptions, revisions and phylogenetic relations. Acta zoologica cracoviensia, 46(suppl.– Fossil Insects): 153-184. PDF
  • Lukashevich, E.D. et al. 2010: The oldest occurrence of immature Diptera (Insecta), Middle Triassic, France. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (n.s.), 46: 4-22. ISSN: 0037-9271 [not seen]
  • Pape, T.; Bickel, D.; Meier, R. (eds.) 2009: Diptera diversity: status, challenges and tools. Koninklijke Brill NV. ISBN 90 04 14897 3
  • Sabrosky, W.C. 1999: Family-group names in Diptera and bibliography. Myia, 10 PDF
  • Stary, J. 2008: The wing stalk in Diptera, with some notes on the higher-level phylogeny of the order. European journal of entomology, 105: 27–33.
  • Wagner, R. et al. 2008: Global diversity of dipteran families (Insecta Diptera) in freshwater (excluding Simulidae, Culicidae, Chironomidae, Tipulidae and Tabanidae). Hydrobiologia, 595: 489-519. doi: 10.1007/s10750-007-9127-9
  • Wolff, M.I., Nihei, S.S. & Carvalho, C.J.B. de (eds.), 2016. Catalogue of Diptera of Colombia. Zootaxa 4122(1): 1–949. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4122.1.1 Title Page (PDF). ISBN 978-1-77557-961-8 (paperback); ISBN 978-1-77557-962-5 (Online edition). reference page 
  • Wolff, M., Nihei, S.S. & Carvalho, C.J.B. de 2016. Catalogue of Diptera of Colombia: an introduction. Zootaxa 4122(1): 8–14. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4122.1.3. Full article (PDF) reference page 
  • Yeates, D.K.; Bickel, D.; McAlpine, D.K.; Colless, D.H. 2009: Diversity, relationships and biogeography of Australian flies. pp. 227–256 in: Pape, T.; Bickel, D.; Meier, R. (eds.) 2009: Diptera diversity: status, challenges and tools. Koninklijke Brill NV.
  • Yeates, D.K.; Wiegmann, B.M.; Courtney, G.W.; Meier, R.; Pape, T. 2007: Phylogeny and systematics of Diptera: two decades of progress and prospects. pp. 565–590 In: Zhang, Z.-Q. & Shear, W.A. (eds) Linnaeus tercentenary: progress in invertebrate taxonomy. Zootaxa, 1668: 1–766. PDF


Vernacular names[edit]

Alemannisch: Zweefligler
български: Двукрили
čeština: Dvoukřídlí
српски / srpski: Двокрилци
dansk: Tovinger
Deutsch: Zweiflügler
Diné bizaad: Tsʼíʼii / Tséʼédǫ́ʼii
eesti: Kahetiivalised
Ελληνικά: Μύγες
English: two winged flies, true flies, flies
español: Dípteros
Esperanto: Dipteroj
فارسی: دوبالان
français: diptère
한국어: 파리목
עברית: זבובאים
lietuvių: Dvisparniai
magyar: Kétszárnyúak
македонски: Двокрилци
Nederlands: Tweevleugeligen
日本語: ハエ目 (双翅目)
Nordfriisk: Twiijügeten
norsk bokmål: Tovinger
polski: Muchówki
português: Dípteros
русский: Двукрылые
slovenčina: dvojkrídlovce
suomi: Kaksisiipiset
svenska: Tvåvingade
தமிழ்: இருசிறகிப் பூச்சிகள்
Türkçe: Çift kanatlılar
українська: Двокрилі
中文: 雙翅目
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Diptera on Wikimedia Commons.