Cymbidium ensifolium

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Cymbidium ensifolium

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Cymbidieae
Subtribus: Cymbidiinae
Genus: Cymbidium
Species: Cymbidium ensifolium

Name[edit]

Cymbidium ensifolium (L.) Sw., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 6: 77 (1799)

Synonymy[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Epidendrum ensifolium L., Sp. Pl.: 954 (1753)
  • Homotypic
    • Limodorum ensatum Thunb., Fl. Jap.: 29 (1784), nom. superfl.
    • Jensoa ensata (Thunb.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 38 (1838), nom. superfl.
  • Heterotypic
    • Cymbidium xiphiifolium Lindl., Bot. Reg. 7: t. 529 (1821).
    • Cymbidium ensifolium var. striatum Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 23: t. 1976 (1837)
    • Cymbidium estriatum Lindl. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 460 (1840)
    • Cymbidium micans Schauer, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 433 (1843)
    • Cymbidium albomarginatum Makino in Y.Iinuma, Somoku-Dzusetsu, ed. 3, 4: 1183 (1912)
    • Cymbidium ensifolium f. flaccidior Makino in Y.Iinuma, Somoku-Dzusetsu, ed. 3, 4: 1179 (1912)
    • Cymbidium gyokuchin Makino in Y.Iinuma, Somoku-Dzusetsu, ed. 3, 4: 1181 (1912)
    • Cymbidium gyokuchin var. soshin Makino in Y.Iinuma, Somoku-Dzusetsu, ed. 3, 4: 1182 (1912)
    • Cymbidium koran Makino in Y.Iinuma, Somoku-Dzusetsu, ed. 3, 4: 1179 (1912)
    • Cymbidium niveomarginatum Makino in Y.Iinuma, Somoku-Dzusetsu, ed. 3, 4: 1183 (1912)
    • Cymbidium shimaran Makino in Y.Iinuma, Somoku-Dzusetsu, ed. 3, 4: 1183 (1912)
    • Cymbidium yakibaran Makino in Y.Iinuma, Somoku-Dzusetsu, ed. 3, 4: 1182 (1912)
    • Cymbidium arrogans Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4: 76 (1914)
    • Cymbidium misericors Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4: 79 (1914)
    • Cymbidium misericors var. oreophilum Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4: 81 (1914)
    • Cymbidium rubrigemmum Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6: 81 (1916)
    • Cymbidium gonzalesii Quisumb., Philipp. J. Sci. 72: 485 (1940)
    • Cymbidium ensifolium f. arcuatum T.C.Yen, Icon. Cymbid. Amoy.: D(e) 5 (1964)
    • Cymbidium ensifolium f. falcatum T.C.Yen, Icon. Cymbid. Amoy.: D(d) 1 (1964)
    • Cymbidium ensifolium var. susin T.C.Yen, Icon. Cymbid. Amoy.: D(b) 1 (1964)
    • Cymbidium ensifolium var. misericors (Hayata) T.P.Lin, Native Orchids Taiwan 2: 105 (1977)
    • Cymbidium gyokuchin var. arrogans (Hayata) S.S.Ying, Coloured Ill. Indig. Orchids Taiwan 1(2): 126 (1977)
    • Cymbidium kanran var. misericors (Hayata) S.S.Ying, Coloured Ill. Indig. Orchids Taiwan 1(2): 440 (1977)
    • Cymbidium ensifolium var. rubrigemmum (Hayata) T.S.Liu & H.J.Su, Fl. Taiwan 5: 940 (1978)
    • Cymbidium ensifolium var. yakibaran (Makino) Y.S.Wu & S.C.Chen, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18: 296 (1980)
    • Cymbidium ensifolium var. xiphiifolium (Lindl.) S.S.Ying, Mem. Coll. Agric. Natl. Taiwan Univ. 30: 38 (1990)
    • Cymbidium prompovenium Z.J.Liu & J.N.Zhang, J. S. China Agric. Univ. 19(3): 114 (1998)
    • Cymbidium yongfuense Z.J.Liu & J.N.Zhang, J. S. China Agric. Univ. 19(3): 116 (1998)
    • Liuguishania taiwanensis Z.J.Liu & J.N.Zhang, J. S. China Agric. Univ. 19(1): 73 (1998)
    • Cymbidium ensifolium var. koran (Makino) K.Inoue, Fl. Japan 4b: 302 (2016)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Asia-Temperate
    • China
      • China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Tibet.
    • Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Nansei-shoto, Taiwan.
  • Asia-Tropical
    • Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam.
    • Indo-China
      • Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Malesia
      • Philippines.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

  • Swartz, O.P. 1799. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, ser. 2 6: 77.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: زورقان سيفي الأوراق
日本語: スルガラン
русский: Цимбидиум мечелистный
українська: Цимбідіум мечелистий
Tiếng Việt: Thanh ngọc
中文: 建蘭, 焦尾蘭


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