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Crotalus ornatus


Taxonavigation: Viperoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Viperoidea

Familia: Viperidae
Subfamilia: Crotalinae
Genus: Crotalus
Species (38): C. adamanteus – C. aquilus – C. atrox – C. basiliscus – C. campbelli – C. catalinensis – C. cerastes – C. culminatus – C. durissus – C. enyo – C. ericsmithi – C. estebanensis – C. horridus – C. intermedius – C. lannomi – C. lepidus – C. mitchelli – C. molossus – C. oreganus – C. ornatus – C. polystictus – C. pricei – C. pusillus – C. ruber – C. scutulatus – C. simus – C. stejnegeri – C. tancitarensis – C. tigris – C. tlaloci – C. totonacus – C. transversus – C. triseriatus – C. tzabcan – C. unicolor – C. vegrandis – C. viridis – C. willardi


Crotalus Linnaeus, 1758: 214 [conserved name]

  • Type species: Crotalus horridus Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation by Fitzinger (1843: 29).
  • Gender: masculine.
  • Placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 92 (1926: 3) and Direction 56 (1956: 356).


Primary references[правіць]

  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio Decima, Reformata. Tomus I. Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm. 824 pp. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542 BHL Reference page
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium. Fasciculus primus. Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel: Wien. vi + 106 pp. BHL Reference page
  • International Commisision on Zoological Nomenclature 1926. Opinion 92. Sixteen generic names of Piscers, Amphibia, and Reptilia placed in the Official List of Generic Names. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 73(4): 3–4. BHL Reference page
  • International Commisision on Zoological Nomenclature 1956. Direction 56. Completion and in certain cases correction of entries relating to the names of genera belonging to the classers Pisces, Amphibia and Reptilia made in the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology in the period up to the end of 1936. Opinions and declarations rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1D(17): 337–364. BHL Reference page

Additional references[правіць]

  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré, T.A. 1999: Snake Species of the World. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League. 511 pp.
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. Comstock: Ithaca, NY.
  • Savage, J.M.; Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 2005. On names for Neotropical rattlesnakes (Reptilia: Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalus). Herpetological Review 36: 369–371.
  • Wüster, W.; Ferguson, J.E.; Quijada-Mascareñas, J.A.; Pook, C.E.; Salomão, M.G. & Thorpe, R.S. 2005. Tracing an invasion: landbridges, refugia and the phylogeography of the Neotropical rattlesnake (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalus durissus). Molecular Ecology 14: 1095–1108. PDF
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively placed in the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian Journal of Herpetology, 6: 1–21. PDF
  • Anderson, C.G. & Greenbaum, E. 2012. Phylogeography of northern populations of the black-tailed rattlesnake (Crotalus molossus Baird and Girard, 1853), with the revalidation of C. ornatus Hallowell, 1854. Herpetological Monographs 36: 369–371.
  • Wüster, W.; Bérnils, R.S. 2011: On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). Zoologia 28: 417–419. PDF
  • Kaiser, H., Crowther, B.I., Kelly, C.M.R., Luiselli, L., O’Shea, M., Ota, H., Passos, P., Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best practices: in the 21st Century, taxonomic decisions in herpetology are acceptable only when supported by a body of evidence and published via peer-review. Herpetological Review 44(1): 8–23. Full article (PDF). Reference page
  • Bryson, R.W., Linkem, C.W., Dorcas, M.E., Lathrop, A., Jones, J.M., Alvarado-Díaz, J., Grünwald, C.I. & Murphy, R.W. 2014. Multilocus species delimitation in the Crotalus triseriatus species group (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae), with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 3826(3): 475–496. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3826.3.3 Paywall Reference page


Vernacular names[правіць]

беларуская: Грымучнікі сапраўдныя
Deutsch: Klapperschlangen
English: Rattlesnakes
español: Serpientes de cascabel
Nederlands: Ratelslang
português: Cascavéis
ไทย: งูหางกระดิ่ง
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Crotalus on Wikimedia Commons. (en) – (Please translate this into беларуская.)