Crotalus cerberus

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Crotalus cerberus


Taxonavigation: Viperoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Cladus: Unidentata, Episquamata
Cladus: Toxicofera
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Viperoidea

Familia: Viperidae
Subfamilia: Crotalinae
Genus: Crotalus
Species: Crotalus cerberus


Crotalus cerberus (Coues, 1875)

  • Syntypes (4): ANSP 7085 (formerly EC 509), skin of ♂, ANSP 7086 (formerly EC 510), ANSP 7087 (formerly EC 672), and ANSP 7088 (formerly EC 511), a head and neck, collected by E. Coues in July 1864.
  • Type locality: “San Francisco Mountains”, Coconino County, Arizona.


  • Caudisona lucifer var. cerberus Coues, 1875: 607 [original combination, as subspecies]
  • Crotalus oregonus var. cerberusGarman, 1883: 137 [subsequent combination, as subspecies]
  • Crotalus viridis cerberusKlauber, 1949: 83 [subsequent combination, as subspecies]
  • Crotalus cerberusDoulgas, Douglas, Schuett, Porras & Holycross, 2002: 39 [subsequent combination, elevate to species]


Primary references[edit]

  • Coues, E. 1875. Synopsis of the Reptiles and Batrachians of Arizona; with critical and field notes, and an extensive synonymy. Chapter IV. pp. 509-633 In Wheeler, G.M. (Ed.). Reports upon the Collections Obtained from Portions of Nevada, Utah, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, during the Report upon Geographical and Geological Explorations and Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian. Volume V. Zoology. Government Printing Office: Washington. BHL

Additional references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

English: Arizona Black Rattlesnake
español: Cascabel Negra de Arizona