Crotalus horridus

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Crotalus horridus


Taxonavigation: Viperoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Viperoidea

Familia: Viperidae
Subfamilia: Crotalinae
Genus: Crotalus
Species: Crotalus horridus


Crotalus horridus Linnaeus, 1758: 214 [conserved name]

  • Type material: originally in King Adolph Frideric collection and later sent to the Royal Zoological State Museum in Stockholm (NRM). [lost fide Klauber (1972: 38)]
  • Type locality: “America”, restricted to “vicinity of New York City” by Schmidt (1953: 227).
  • Placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology by Opinion 92 (1936) and Direction 57 (1956).


  • Crotalus atricaudatus Latreille, 1802: 209
    • Type material: not designated.
    • Type locality: “Caroline”, restricted to “Charleston, South Carolina” by Schmidt (1953: 228).
  • Crotalus zetazomae Brickell, 1805: 164
    • Type material: not designated.
    • Type locality: not stated, probably “vicinity of Savannah, Georgia” fide Klauber (1972: 39).
  • Crotalinus cyanurus Rafinesque, 1818: 446
    • Type material: not designated.
    • Type locality: “the barrens of Kentucky”.
  • Crotalus catesbaei Hemprich, 1820: 387
    • Type material: not designated.
    • Type locality: “South America to Carolina”.
  • Crotalus durissus var. concolor Jan, 1859: 153
    • Holotype: Munich Museum, cannot be located.
    • Type locality: “Amerique septentrionale”.
  • Crotalus durissus var. melanurus Jan, 1859: 153
    • Holotype: MNHN-RA-0.821, collector and date unknown.
    • Type locality: “Caroline du Sud”.
  • Crotalus durissus var. mexicana Jan, 1863: 123
    • Holotype: RMNH 1574, collected by Frank, date unknown.
    • Type locality: “Texas”.


Primary references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Wald-Klapperschlange
English: Timber Rattlesnake
français: Crotale des bois
lietuvių: Miškinė barškuolė
Nederlands: Ratelslang
polski: Grzechotnik pospolity
Simple English: Timber Rattlesnake
Türkçe: Çizgili çıngırak yılanı
українська: Гримучник лісовий
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Crotalus horridus on Wikimedia Commons.