Centaurea benedicta

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Centaurea benedicta

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Asterales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Carduoideae
Tribus: Cardueae
Subtribus: Centaureinae
Genus: Centaurea
Species: Centaurea benedicta
Varietates: C. b. var. benedicta – C. b. var. kotschyi

Name

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Centaurea benedicta (L.) L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 2: 1296 (1763).

Synonyms

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  • Basionym
    • Cnicus benedictus L., Sp. Pl.: 826 (1753).
  • Homotypic
    • Calcitrapa benedicta (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 1: 218 (1826).
    • Calcitrapa lanuginosa Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 35 (1779).
    • Cardosanctus officinalis Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 152 (1899).
    • Carbeni benedicta (L.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 397 (1882).
    • Benedicta officinalis Bernh., Syst. Verz. Erf. 159 (1810).
    • Carduus benedictus (L.) Garsault, Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 198 (1764).
    • Carduus benedictus (L.) Steud., Nomencl. Bot.: 151 (1821).
    • Hierapicra benedicta (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl.: 347 (1891).


Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Great Britain, Ireland.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Krym, South European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces, Northern Provinces.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Sinai, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Saudi Arabia.
    • Regional: China
      • Xinjiang.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Pakistan.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Oregon, Washington.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, New Jersey, New York.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona, California, Utah.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia.
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Guatemala.
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • Venezuela.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Ecuador.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil South.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Uruguay.
  • Note: Grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Vernacular names

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azərbaycanca: Adi lopatikan
català: Card beneit
čeština: Benedikt lékařský
Deutsch: Benediktenkraut
English: Blessed thistle
فارسی: خار مقدس
suomi: Karvaskaunokki
français: Chardon béni
magyar: Benedekfű
italiano: Cardo santo
македонски: Бенедиктански трн
polski: Drapacz lekarski
română: Schinel
русский: Кникус
slovenčina: Benediktína lekárska
shqip: Cnuku
Türkçe: Mübarekdikeni
українська: Кнік бенедиктинський
中文: 藏掖花
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Centaurea benedicta on Wikimedia Commons.