Acorus calamus

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Acorus calamus

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Acorales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Acorales

Familia: Acoraceae
Genus: Acorus
Species: Acorus calamus
Varietates: A. c. var. americanus – A. c. var. angustatus – A. c. var. calamus

Name[edit]

Acorus calamus L., Sp. Pl. 324 (1753).

Synonyms[edit]

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Føroyar, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Svalbard (in error), Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Italy, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces, Free State.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutskiya.
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Turkey.
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, Hainan, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria, China North-Central, Qinghai, China Southeast, Tibet, Xinjiang.
    • Regional: Mongolia
      • Mongolia.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Laccadive Islands, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan (introduced), Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands (introduced), Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Philippines, Sulawesi.
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • New Guinea (introduced).
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Subarctic America
      • Alaska, Northwest Territories.
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado (introduced), Idaho, Montana, Oregon (introduced), Washington.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois (extinct), Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri (introduced), North Dakota (extinct), Nebraska, Oklahoma (introduced), South Dakota, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana (extinct), Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey (extinct), New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island (extinct), Vermont, West Virginia (introduced).
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California (introduced).
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas (introduced).
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (introduced), Virginia (extinct), District of Columbia (extinct).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Dy Phon, P. (2000) Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1–915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002) World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1–560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005) The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004. Makinoa 5: 1–102.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1–466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008) An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403–500.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010) Flora of China 23: 1–515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Nooteboom, H.P. (ed.) (2011). Flora Malesiana 20: 1–61. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011) Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. Norrlinia 24: 1–166.
  • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012) Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101–325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Acèh: Jeureunggèë
Ænglisc: Bēowyrt
العربية: وج
azərbaycanca: Bataqlıq kəcəvəri
žemaitėška: Ajers
беларуская (тарашкевіца): Аер
беларуская: Аер звычайны
български: Блатен аир, Аир блатен
Banjar: Jariangau
বাংলা: বচ
català: Càlam
kaszëbsczi: Zwëczajny kalmùs
čeština: puškvorec obecný
Cymraeg: Gellesgen bêr
dansk: Kalmus
Deutsch: Kalmus
English: sweet flag, sweet-flag, calamus, calamus root, muskrat root, flag root, rat root, pine root, sweet sedge, sweet rush, beewort, sweet myrtle, calamus-root, sweet calomel, sweet cane
Esperanto: Kalam-akoro
español: cálamo aromático, Ácoro
eesti: Harilik kalmus, Luhamõõk, Jõemõõk
euskara: Lasturrin
فارسی: وج, اگیر ترکی
suomi: Rohtokalmojuuri
Nordfriisk: Swaanenbruad
français: Acore odorant, Schoenante, Jonc odorant
Frysk: Kalmuswoartel
हिन्दी: बच
hrvatski: Iđirot
hornjoserbsce: Wšědny kalmus
magyar: Orvosi kálmos
Bahasa Indonesia: Jerangau, jeringau
Ido: Akoro
italiano: Calamo, acoro, calamo aromatico
日本語: ショウブ, 菖蒲根, しょうぶ, ショウブコン
Jawa: Dringo, dlingo
қазақша: Шалшық андызы
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬಜೆ
한국어: 창포
кыргызча: Жөнөкөй айыр
Līvõ kēļ: Kalvīer
lietuvių: Balinis ajeras
latviešu: Parastā kalme, Smaržīgā kalme, Kalme
മലയാളം: വയമ്പ്‌
Bahasa Melayu: Pokok Jerangau
नेपाली: बोझो
Nederlands: Kalmoes, Zwanenbrood
norsk: Kalmusrot
polski: Tatarak zwyczajny, Ajer
پنجابی: ملٹھی
português: Açoro, Cana-cheirosa, Cálamo-aromático
română: Obligeană
русский: Аир обыкновенный, Ирный корень, Аир болотный, Аир тростниковый
саха тыла: Манчаары
संस्कृतम्: वामनी
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Iđirot
සිංහල: වදකහ
slovenčina: puškvorec obyčajný
shqip: Kashtëfryza
svenska: Kalmus, Kalmusrot
தமிழ்: வசம்பு
తెలుగు: వస, వజ
ไทย: ว่านน้ำ
Türkçe: Hazanbel, Azakeğeri
українська: Аїр тростиновий, Татарське зілля, Аїр тростинний, Аїр звичайний, Лепеха звичайна
اردو: داج قلموس
Tiếng Việt: Thủy xương bồ
中文: 菖蒲, 白菖蒲, 白菖, 藏菖蒲
For more multimedia, look at Acorus calamus on Wikimedia Commons.