Bromus secalinus

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Bromus secalinus
Bromus secalinus

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Bromeae
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: B. subg. Bromus
Species: Bromus secalinus

Name[edit]

Bromus secalinus L., 1753

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Avena secalina (L.) Salisb. in Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 22 (1796)
    • Bromus mollis var. secalinus (L.) Huds. in Fl. Angl., ed. 2: 49 (1778), nom. superfl.
    • Bromus mutabilis var. secalinus (L.) F.W.Schultz in Flora 32: 235 (1849), nom. superfl.
    • Bromus secalinus subsp. vulgaris (W.D.J.Koch) Domin in Preslia 13-15: 37 (1935), not validly publ.
    • Bromus secalinus var. vulgaris W.D.J.Koch in Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 2: 945 (1846), not validly publ.
    • Bromus segetalis var. secalinus (L.) Döll in Rhein. Fl.: 74 (1843), nom. superfl.
    • Forasaccus secalinus (L.) Bubani in Fl. Pyren. 4: 388 (1901)
    • Serrafalcus secalinus (L.) Bab. in Man. Brit. Bot.: 374 (1843)
  • Heterotypic
    • Bromus badensis C.C.Gmel. in Fl. Bad. 4: 75 (1826)
    • Bromus brevisetus Dumort. in Fl. Belg.: 155 (1827)
    • Bromus ehrhartii Gaudin in J.J.Roemer, Collecteana: 19 (1806)
    • Bromus elongatus Gaudin in Agrost. Helv. 1: 305 (1811)
    • Bromus hordeaceus C.C.Gmel. in Fl. Bad. 4: 68 (1826), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus hybridus Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 801 (1866)
    • Bromus multiflorus Sm. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 283 (1798), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus mutabilis F.W.Schultz in Flora 32: 234 (1849), nom. superfl.
    • Bromus mutabilis var. glabratus F.W.Schultz in Flora 32: 234 (1849)
    • Bromus mutabilis var. grossus (W.D.J.Koch) F.W.Schultz in Flora 32: 235 (1849)
    • Bromus mutabilis var. hirtus F.W.Schultz in Flora 32: 235 (1849)
    • Bromus mutabilis var. hordeaceus F.W.Schultz in Flora 32: 235 (1849)
    • Bromus polymorphus Scop. in Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 79 (1771)
    • Bromus racemosus var. elongatus (Gaudin) Duby in Bot. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 516 (1828)
    • Bromus secalinus var. arvensis Peterm. in Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 100 (1838)
    • Bromus secalinus var. asper Neilr. in Fl. Nied.-Oesterr.: 80 (1857)
    • Bromus secalinus var. badensis (C.C.Gmel.) Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 606 (1901)
    • Bromus secalinus subsp. barthae Pénzes in Bot. Közlem. 32: 7a (1936)
    • Bromus secalinus subsp. billottii Cif. & Giacom. in Nomencl. Fl. Ital. 1: 44 (1950)
    • Bromus secalinus subsp. billottii (F.W.Schultz) Hauman & Balle in Cat. Fl. Belg.: 105 (1934)
    • Bromus secalinus var. dilatatus Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 800 (1866)
    • Bromus secalinus var. divergens Rchb. in Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 44 (1830)
    • Bromus secalinus f. divergens (Rchb.) Todor in T.Săvulescu, Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 317 (1972)
    • Bromus secalinus var. elongatus (Gaudin) Lamotte in Cat. Pl. Plateau Central: 99 (1847)
    • Bromus secalinus var. elongatus (Gaudin) Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 604 (1901)
    • Bromus secalinus var. glaber Stokes in Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 153 (1812)
    • Bromus secalinus var. grossus W.D.J.Koch in Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl.: 819 (1837)
    • Bromus secalinus var. hirsutus Kindb. in Bot. Not. 1887: 32 (1887)
    • Bromus secalinus f. hirtus (F.W.Schultz) Wiegand in Rhodora 24: 89 (1922)
    • Bromus secalinus var. hirtus (F.W.Schultz) Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 604 (1901)
    • Bromus secalinus var. hordeaceus W.D.J.Koch in Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl.: 819 (1837), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus secalinus var. hordeaceus Rchb. in Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1(ed. 2): 44 (1850)
    • Bromus secalinus var. hybridus (Schur) Jáv. in Magyar Fl. 1: 105 (1924)
    • Bromus secalinus var. hybridus (Schur) Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 605 (1901)
    • Bromus secalinus subsp. infestus H.Scholz in Kochia 6: 2 (2012)
    • Bromus secalinus var. integer Schumach. in Enum. Pl. 1: 31 (1801)
    • Bromus secalinus var. intermedius Mutel in Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 135 (1837)
    • Bromus secalinus f. lasiophyllus (Beck) Neuman in Sver. Fl.: 739 (1901)
    • Bromus secalinus var. lasiophyllus Beck in Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 108 (1890)
    • Bromus secalinus var. leiophyllus Beck in Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 108 (1890)
    • Bromus secalinus var. macrostachys Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 800 (1866)
    • Bromus secalinus var. minimus Zapal. in Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn., Dzial B, Nauki Biol., ser. 3, 4: 189 (1904)
    • Bromus secalinus subsp. multiflorus Schübl. & G.Martens in Fl. Würtemberg: 85 (1834)
    • Bromus secalinus var. muticus Blytt in Norges Fl. 1: 152 (1861), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus secalinus var. muticus Delastre in Fl. Vienne: 494 (1842)
    • Bromus secalinus var. pratensis Wahlenb. in Fl. Suecica 1: 66 (1824)
    • Bromus secalinus var. pubescens Pauquy in Statist. Bot. Somme: 462 (1831)
    • Bromus secalinus var. pubescens Stokes in Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 153 (1812)
    • Bromus secalinus var. rhenanthus Bég. in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 22: 419 (1915)
    • Bromus secalinus var. submuticus Mutel in Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 135 (1837)
    • Bromus secalinus var. submuticus Rchb. in Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 11: t. 75 (1834)
    • Bromus secalinus f. submuticus (Rchb.) Jansen & Wacht. in Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 48: 175 (1938)
    • Bromus secalinus var. submuticus Hagenb. in Tent. Fl. Basil. 1: 95 (1821)
    • Bromus secalinus var. vitiosus (Weigel) Retz. in Fl. Scand. Prodr.: 18 (1779)
    • Bromus segetalis A.Braun in J.C.Döll, Rhein. Fl.: 73 (1843), nom. superfl.
    • Bromus submuticus Steud. in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 321 (1854)
    • Bromus vitiosus Weigel in Observ. Bot.: 4 (1772)
    • Serrafalcus divaricatus Dulac in Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 97 (1867)
    • Serrafalcus gmelinii Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 233 (1913)
    • Serrafalcus secalinus proles billotii (F.W.Schultz) Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 233 (1913)
    • Serrafalcus secalinus var. elongatus (Gaudin) Ducommun in Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 886 (1869)
    • Serrafalcus secalinus var. glaber Godr. in Fl. Lorraine 3: 183 (1844)
    • Serrafalcus secalinus var. hordeaceus Ducommun in Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 886 (1869)
    • Serrafalcus secalinus var. submuticus Parl. in Fl. Ital. 1: 369 (1850)
    • Serrafalcus secalinus var. submuticus (Mutel) Ducommun in Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 886 (1869)
    • Serrafalcus secalinus var. submuticus (Rchb.) Rouy in Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Charente-Inférieure Suppl.: 233 (1913)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Eurasia
      • Belarus, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, China North-Central, Corse, France, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Lebanon-Syria, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia
    • Introduced into:
      • Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Algeria, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belgium, British Columbia, California, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East European Russia, Finland, Florida, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Gulf, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Poland, Primorye, Québec, Rhode I., Sakhalin, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

беларуская: Каласоўнік аржаны
English: rye brome
español: bromo acentenado, centeno loco
suomi: Ruiskattara
Nederlands: Dreps
polski: Stokłosa żytnia
Türkçe: Çavdar bromu
For more multimedia, look at Bromus secalinus on Wikimedia Commons.