Vachellia nilotica

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Vachellia nilotica taken as Acacia nilotica
Vachellia nilotica

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Fabales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Vachellia
Species: Vachellia nilotica
Subspecies: V. n. subsp. adstringens – V. n. subsp. cupressiformis – V. n. subsp. hemispherica – V. n. subsp. indica –V. n. subsp. kraussiana – V. n. subsp. leiocarpa – V. n. subsp. subalata – V. n. subsp. tomentosa

Name[edit]

Vachellia nilotica (L.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb., Mabberley's Pl.-Book 1021. (2008)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Mimosa nilotica L., Sp. Pl. 1: 521–522. (1753)
  • Homotypic
    • Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile, Fl. Aegypt. Illustr. 79; Desf. Tabl. Hort. Par. ed. II. 208. (1813)
  • Heterotypic
    • Mimosa scorpioides L., Sp. Pl. 1: 521. (1753)
    • Mimosa arabica Lam. in J. Lamarck & al., Encycl. 1(1): 19. (1783)
    • Acacia vera Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4(2): 1085. (1806)
    • Acacia scorpioides (L.) W.Wight, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 9: 173. (1905)
    • Acacia arabica (Lam.) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4(2): 1085. (1806)
    • Acacia arabica var. nilotica (L.) Benth.
    • Acacia scorpioides var. nilotica (L.) A.Chev.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
Vachellia nilotica
  • Continental: Africa
      • Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Somaliaa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • Continental: Asie-temperate
    • Regional: Indian subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lank
    • Regional: Peninsular Arabia
      • Gulf States, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • Regional: Southwestern Asie
      • Iran
    • Regional: Southeastern Asie
      • Myanmar
    • Introduced into:
      • Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Bolivia, California, Cuba, Ecuador, Galápagos, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Iraq, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, South Australia, Trinidad-Tobago, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

  • Hurter, P.J.H. & Mabberley, D.J. 2008. Mabberley's Plant-Book: A Portable Dictionary of Plants, Their Classification and Uses 1021.

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Arabic Gum Tree, Babul
français: Acacia d’Arabie, Gommier rouge, Gonakié
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Vachellia nilotica on Wikimedia Commons.