Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta

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Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta
Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta
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Navigazione: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Hordeeae
Genus: Triticum
Species: Triticum aestivum
Subspecies: Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta

Nome

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Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta (L.) Thell., 1918

Sinonimi

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  • Homotypic
    • Spelta vulgaris Ser. in Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 5: 114 (1842)
    • Triticum aestivum var. spelta (L.) Fiori in A.Fiori & al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 108 (1896)
    • Triticum sativum subsp. spelta (L.) Hack. in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2(2): 81 (1887)
    • Triticum sativum subsp. spelta (L.) K.Richt. in Pl. Eur. 1: 120 (1890), nom. illeg.
    • Triticum spelta L. in Sp. Pl.: 86 (1753)
    • Triticum vulgare convar. spelta (L.) Alef. in Landw. Fl.: 334 (1866)
    • Triticum vulgare subsp. spelta (L.) Körn. in F.A.Körnicke & H.Werner, Handb. Getreidebaus 1: 41, 75 (1885)
    • Zeia spelta (L.) Lunell in Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 226 (1915)
  • Heterotypic
    • Triticum aestivum subsp. tibetanum Q.Q.Shao in Acta Genet. Sin. 7: 155 (1980), no type indicated.
    • Triticum aestivum subsp. yunnanense King ex S.L.Chen in Novon 7: 230 (1997)
    • Triticum arduinoi Mazzuc. in Sopra Alc. Sp. Frum.: 50 (1807)
    • Triticum arias Clemente in Herrera, Agric. 1: 74 (1818)
    • Triticum bengalense P.Lawson in Agric. Man.: 28 (1836)
    • Triticum duhamelianum Mazzuc. in Sopra Alc. Sp. Frum.: 55 (1807)
    • Triticum elymoides Hornem. in Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 107 (1813)
    • Triticum forskalei Clemente in Herrera, Agric. 1: 74 (1818)
    • Triticum rufescens Steud. in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 717 (1841), pro syn.
    • Triticum spelta aestivum Schübl. in Diss. Char. Descr. Cereal.: 27 (1818)
    • Triticum spelta var. albumcompactoides Sanchez-Monge & Villena in Anales Estac. Exp. Aula Dei 3: 257 (1954)
    • Triticum spelta var. arduinoi (Mazzuc.) Flaksb. in Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 130 (1915)
    • Triticum spelta f. arduinoi (Mazzuc.) Brand in W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3: 2793 (1907)
    • Triticum spelta aristatum Schübl. in Diss. Char. Descr. Cereal.: 26 (1818)
    • Triticum spelta subsp. aristatum (Schübl.) Schübl. & G.Martens in Fl. Würtemberg: 46 (1834)
    • Triticum spelta subsp. aristatum Schübl. & G.Martens in Fl. Würtemberg: 46 (1834)
    • Triticum spelta var. carthlicum Zhizhil. & Berishv. in Soobshch. Akad. Nauk Gruzinsk. S.S.R. 123: 147 (1986), no Latin descr.
    • Triticum spelta grex duhamelianum (Mazzuc.) Flaksb. in E.V.Wulff (ed.), Kul't. Fl. SSSR 1: 136 (1935), not validly publ.
    • Triticum spelta var. duhamelianum (Mazzuc.) Flaksb. in Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 171, 197 (1915)
    • Triticum spelta f. duhamelianum (Mazzuc.) Brand in W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3: 2793 (1907)
    • Triticum spelta var. griseoturanorecens Udachin in Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 84: 74 (1978)
    • Triticum spelta var. ispharosubbaktiaricum Udachin in Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 84: 73 (1978)
    • Triticum spelta subsp. kuckuckianum Gökgöl in Getreide & Mehl 7: 80 (1963)
    • Triticum spelta var. kuckuckianum Udachin in Trudy Prikl. Bot. 56(2): 150 (1976)
    • Triticum spelta subsp. muticum (Schübl.) Schübl. & G.Martens in Fl. Würtemberg: 46 (1834)
    • Triticum spelta var. muticum (Schübl.) Gray in Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 100 (1821 publ. 1822)
    • Triticum spelta subsp. muticum Schübl. & G.Martens in Fl. Würtemberg: 46 (1834)
    • Triticum spelta muticum Schübl. in Diss. Char. Descr. Cereal.: 26 (1818)
    • Triticum spelta var. saharae Ducell. in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 11: 92 (1920)
    • Triticum spelta var. subbuldoji Udachin in Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 84: 74 (1978)
    • Triticum spelta var. tarakanovii Udachin in Trudy Prikl. Bot. 56: 150 (1976)
    • Triticum spelta var. tashausicum Udachin in Trudy Prikl. Bot. 45(2): 47 (1971)
    • Triticum spelta subsp. tibetanum (Q.Q.Shao) N.P.Gonch. in Comp. Genet. Wheats Related Sp., ed. 2: 403 (2012), not validly publ.
    • Triticum spelta var. turanoalborescens Udachin in Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 84: 74 (1978)
    • Triticum spelta var. turanoalefeldii Udachin in Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 84: 74 (1978)
    • Triticum spelta velutinum Schübl. in Diss. Char. Descr. Cereal.: 27 (1818)
    • Triticum spelta var. viridoalbispicatum Jakubz. in Trudy Prikl. Bot. 44: 55 (1971)
    • Triticum spelta var. viridoarduinii Jakubz. & Puchalski in Trudy Prikl. Bot. 44: 55 (1971)
    • Triticum spelta subsp. yunnanense (King ex S.L.Chen) N.P.Gonch. in Comp. Genet. Wheats Related Sp, ed. 2: 403 (2012)
    • Triticum speltiforme Seidl ex Opiz in Naturalientausch 9: 106 (1825)
    • Triticum vulgare var. album Alef. in Landw. Fl.: 335 (1866)
    • Triticum vulgare var. arduinoi (Mazzuc.) Alef. in Landw. Fl.: 334 (1866)
    • Triticum vulgare var. coeruleum Alef. in Landw. Fl.: 335 (1866)
    • Triticum vulgare var. duhamelianum (Mazzuc.) Alef. in Landw. Fl.: 335 (1866)
    • Triticum vulgare var. fringillarum Alef. in Landw. Fl.: 335 (1866)
    • Triticum vulgare var. michauxii Alef. in Landw. Fl.: 334 (1866)
    • Triticum vulgare var. rufum Alef. in Landw. Fl.: 335 (1866)
    • Triticum vulgare var. vulpinum Alef. in Landw. Fl.: 335 (1866), nom. illeg.
    • Triticum zea Host in Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 3: 20 (1805)

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • Transcaucasus
    • Introduced into:
      • Algeria, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Central European Rus, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, Kentucky, Krym, Libya, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Ukraine, Vermont, Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe

Riferimenti: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Riferimenti

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Primary references

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Additional references

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Collegamenti

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Nomi comuni

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български: динкел
brezhoneg: Yell
čeština: Pšenice špalda
Deutsch: Dinkel
Ελληνικά: Όλυρα
English: Spelt
eesti: Speltanisu
suomi: Spelttivehnä
français: Épeautre
עברית: כוסמין
hrvatski: Pravi pir
hornjoserbsce: Krupnik
magyar: Tönkölybúza
한국어: 스펠트 밀
македонски: Крупник
Nederlands: Spelt
polski: pszenica orkisz
русский: Спельта
slovenščina: Pira
српски / srpski: Прапшеница
svenska: Dinkel
ትግርኛ: ዓለስ
Türkçe: Kavuzlu buğday
walon: Speate
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