Terminalia elliptica

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Terminalia elliptica

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Myrtales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Combretaceae
Subfamilia: Combretoideae
Tribus: Combreteae
Subtribus: Terminaliinae
Genus: Terminalia
Species: Terminalia elliptica

Name[edit]

Terminalia elliptica Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 4(2): 969 (1806)

  • Typus: J.G. Klein 480 (23 April 1796; lectotypus: B -W 18943 -01 0, designated by Gangopadhyay & Chakrabarty 1992: 601).
  • Type locality: India orientalis[Sri Lanka]. [Puttalam.]

Synonyms[edit]

(List may be incomplete)

  • Heterotypic
    • Terminalia alata B.Heyne ex Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp.: 379 (1821); not accepted by Chakrabarty & Kumar (2017) [cited as Terminalia elliptica]
      • Typus:
        • Holotypus: B. Heyne s.n. (lost)
        • Neotypus: designated by Chakrabarty & Kumar (2017)
      • Type locality:
        • Holotypus: "India orientalis".
    • Terminalia crenulata Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp.: 380 (1821); not accepted by Chakrabarty & Kumar (2017) [cited as Terminalia elliptica]
      • Typus:
        • Holotypus: B. Heyne s.n. (lost)
        • Neotypus: designated by Chakrabarty & Kumar (2017)
      • Type locality:
        • Holotypus: "India orientalis".
    • Pentaptera crenulata (Roth) DC., Prodr. 3: 15 (1828)
    • Pentaptera tomentosa Roxb. [Cat. Calc.: 34, nom. nud.] ex DC., Prodr. 3: 14 (1828), nom. illeg. nom. superfl.
      • Note: de Candolle cited T. alata in the protologue, thus this name can be regarded as a new one with illegal and superfluous replacement; see also Mabberley in Manilal (ed.), Bot. Hist. Hortus Malabaricus: 107 (1980).
      • Typus:
      • Type locality: India. Hort. Bot. Calcutt.
    • Pentaptera macrocarpa Wall., Numer. List: n. 3982 (1831), nom. nud.; cited under T. tomentosa var. crenulata by Clarke (1878)
    • Pentaptera coriacea Roxb., [Hort. Bengal.: 34 (1814), nom. nud.], Fl. Ind. 2: 438 (1832)
      • Type locality: India. [Andhra Pradesh or Tamil Nadu?:] "[T]he inland mountains of Coromandel, chiefly those of the western parts."
    • Terminalia tomentosa (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn., Cat. Ind. Pl.: 63 (1833), nom. illeg. nom. superfl.; not accepted by Chen & Turland (2007) [cited as Terminalia alata], Chakrabarty & Kumar (2017) [cited as Terminalia elliptica]
    • Terminalia coriacea (Roxb.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 315 (1834); not accepted by Chakrabarty & Kumar (2017) [cited as Terminalia elliptica]
    • Terminalia tomentosa var. coriacea (Roxb.) C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India [J.D. Hooker] 2: 448 (1878)
    • Terminalia tomentosa var. crenulata (Roth) C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India [J.D. Hooker] 2: 448 (1878)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Asia-Tropical
    • Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya
    • Indo-China
      • Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

বাংলা: আসন
English: Indian Laurel
हिन्दी: साज
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ឈ្លីក
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮತ್ತಿ
ລາວ: ເຊືອກ
मराठी: अईन
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ထောက်ကြံ့
संस्कृतम्: असन
ไทย: รกฟ้า
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Terminalia elliptica on Wikimedia Commons.