Silene gallica

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Silene gallica

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Caryophyllaceae
Tribus: Sileneae
Genus: Silene
Species: Silene gallica
Varietates: S. g. var. gallica – S. g. var. giraldii

Name[edit]

Silene gallica L., Sp. Pl. 1: 417. 1753, nom. cons.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Oncerum gallicum (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 256. 1867.
    • Corone gallica (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 16: 344. 1868.
  • Heterotypic
    • Silene agrestina (Fourr.) Jordan & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 6. 1866.
      • Corone agrestina Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 16: 344. 1868.
      • Silene gallica var. agrestina (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud in Rouy, Fl. France 3: 118. 1896.
      • Silene gallica subvar. agrestina (Jord. & Fourr.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Pl. 5(2): 99.. 1920.
    • Silene agricola E.H.L.Krause in J.Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 5: 87. 1901.
    • Silene anglica L., Sp. Pl. 1: 416. 1753, nom. rej.
    • Silene cerastoides var. anomala Ball, J. Bot. 11: 301. 1873.
    • Silene arvensis Salisb., Prod. 301.. 1796.
    • Silene bohemica Jordan & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 6. 1866.
      • Silene gallica subvar. bohemica (Jord. & Fourr.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Pl. 5(2): 99.. 1920.
    • Silene candollei Jord. ex Guss., Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 37. 1855.
    • Silene canescens Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7. 1851.
    • Silene cantabrica Jord. & Fourn., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 5. 1866.
    • Silene cerastoides L., Sp. Pl.: 417. 1753. nom. rej.
      • Lychnis cerastoides (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 309. 1771.
    • Silene chia Spreng., Syst. Veg. 2: 409. 1825.
    • Silene chilensis Cham. & Schltdl. ex Rohrb., Monogr. Silene: 97.. 1869.
    • Silene clusii Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7. 1851.
    • Silene colorata Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 9. 1851.
    • Silene congesta Schott ex Steud., Nom. ed. 2, 2: 583.. 1841.
    • Silene conica Geners. ex Rohrb., Monogr. Silene: 97.. 1869.
    • Silene cruentata Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 8. 1866.
    • Silene cuneifolia J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis]: 714. 1791.
    • Silene distycha Webb, Iter Hispan.: 63. 1838.
    • Silene glandulosa Bertol., Fl. Ital. 6: 626.. 1847.
    • Silene glomerata Gay, Fl. Chil. 1: 259. 1846.
    • Silene haenkeana Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 19. 1831.
    • Silene hirsuta Presl ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch
    • Silene hispida Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7. 1851.
    • Silene jucunda Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 8. 1866.
    • Silene linifolia Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 9. 1851.
    • Silene linophila Rothm., Agron. Lusit. 6: 264. 1944.
    • Silene littoralis Jord., Cat. Jard. Dijon.. 1848.
    • Silene littorea Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 9. 1851.
    • Silene lusitanica L., Sp. Pl. 1: 416. 1753.
      • Silene gallica var. lusitanica (L.) Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 3: 647.. 1878.
    • Silene marginata Schott, Syll. Pl. Nov. 1: 210. 1824.
    • Silene micropetala Ten., Fl. Napol. 5: 344. 1835-1836.
    • Silene gallica var. minor Ball, Spicil. Fl. Maroc 356. (1877) .
    • Silene minutiflora Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 4. 1866.
    • Silene modesta Jordan & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 5.. 1866.non Boiss. & Blanche
      • Silene gallica var. modesta (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud, in Rouy, Fl. France 3: 119. 1896.
      • Silene gallica subvar. modesta (Jord. & Fourr.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Pl. 5(2): 99.. 1920.
    • Silene myloptera Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 8. 1866.
    • Silene nicaeensis Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7. 1851.
    • Silene occitanica Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 6. 1866.
    • Silene oliveriana Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7. 1851.
    • Silene pachyphylla Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 2, 7. 1851.
    • Silene parvula Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 7. 1866.
    • Silene portensis Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 2. 1851.
    • Silene pygmaea Herder, Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1858: 44. 1859.
    • Silene quinquevulnera L., Sp. Pl. 1: 416. 1753. nom. rej.
      • Silene gallica var. quinquevulnera (L.) Mert. & W.D.J.Koch in J.C.Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 3: 230. 1831.
      • Corone quinquevulnera (L.) Hoffmanns. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 422. 1840.
    • Silene reflexa Moench, Methodus: 705. 1794.
    • Silene rigidula L., Cent. Pl. II: 16. 1756.
    • Silene rosella Jordan & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 7. 1866.
      • Silene gallica subvar. rosella (Jord. & Fourr.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Pl. 5(2): 99.. 1920.
    • Silene rostrata Dufour, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 7: 244. 1860.
    • Silene sabuletorum Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7. 1851.
    • Silene sardoa Moris ex Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 813. 1832.
    • Silene sciotica Otth in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 372. 1824.
    • Silene semiglabra Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 7. 1866.
    • Silene silvestris Schott ex Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 812.. 1832.
    • Silene spatulata Larrañaga, Escritos D. A. Larrañaga 2: 155. 1923.
    • Silene suboccultata Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 5. 1866.
    • Cucubalus sylvestris Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 28. 1779.
      • Silene sylvestris (Lam.) Gaterau, Desc. Pl. Montauban: 82. 1789.
      • Silene gallica var. sylvestris (Lam.) Asch., Fl. Prov. Brandenb. 1: 88.. 1860.
    • Silene tergestina Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 6. 1866.
    • Silene transtagana Cout., Notas Fl. Portugal 5: 7. 1921.
    • Silene tridentata Ramond ex DC., in Lamarck & DC., Fl. Franc., ed. 3. 4: 758. .
    • Silene undulatifolia Hort. ex Fenzl, Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7. 1851.
    • Cucubalus variegatus Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 28. 1779.
    • Silene vernalis Poepp. ex Rohrb., Monogr. Silene: 97. 1869.
    • Lychnis vulnerata Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 309. 1771.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Finland (casual), Great Britain, Ireland (introduced)
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic, Slovakia), Germany (introduced), Hungary, Netherlands, Poland (introduced), Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia (Sicilia, Malta), Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia).
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States (Latvia; casual), Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores (Corvo, Faial, Flores, Graciosa, Pico, Santa Maria, Sao Jorge, Sao Miguel, Terceira; introduced), Canary Islands (Gran Canaria, Gomera, Hierro, La Palma, Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote; doubtfully native), Cape Verde (Santiago, Santo Antão, São Nicolau), Madeira (Desertas, Madeira, Porto Santo), Selvagens
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Ethiopia (introduced).
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda (introduced).
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Zimbabwe.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces, Lesotho, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Northern Provinces (introduced).
    • Regional: Middle Atlantic Ocean
      • Ascension, St. Helena (introduced).
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Mauritius, Réunion (introduced).
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus (Gruziya).
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon, Syria), Palestine (Israel, Jordan), Sinai, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • India (Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh), Pakistan, West Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh).
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia (introduced).
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • Chatham Islands, Kermadec Islands, New Zealand North, New Zealand South (main island, Stewart island) (introduced).
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • New Caledonia.
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii (Hawaiian Islands; introduced)
  • Continental: Northern America (all introduced)
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • British Columbia.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado, Oregon, Washington.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Missouri.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Pennsylvania.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona, California.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Northwest, Mexican Pacific Islands.
  • Continental: Southern America (all introduced)
    • Regional: Central America
      • Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Panama.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bermuda, Haiti, Jamaica.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil South, Brazil Southeast.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Chile Central, Juan Fernández Islands, Uruguay.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Französisches Leimkraut
English: small-flowered catchfly, common catchfly
suomi: Ranskankohokki
français: Silène de France
Nederlands: franse silene
polski: Lepnica francuska
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Silene gallica on Wikimedia Commons.