Schoenoplectus

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Fuireneae
Genus: Schoenoplectus

Overview of species[edit]

S. acutus – S. americanus – S. annamicus – S. californicus – S. corymbosus – S. decipiens – S. deltarum – S. ehrenbergii – S. etuberculatus – S. halophilus – S. heptangularis – S. heterochaetus – S. lacustris – S. litoralis – S. monocephalus – S. muricinux – S. nipponicus – S. paludicola – S. pulchellus – S. pungens – S. rhodesicus – S. scirpoides – S. subterminalis – S. subulatus – S. tabernaemontani – S. torreyi – S. triqueter – S. torreyi – S. triqueter
Nothospecies: S. × carinatus – S. × contortus – S. × kuekenthalianus – S. × oblongus – S. × steinmetzii

Name[edit]

Schoenoplectus (Rchb.) Palla, Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 38(Sitzungsber.): 49 1888, nom. cons.

Synonymy[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Heleophylax P.Beauv. ex Lestib., Essai Cypér.: 41 (1819)
    • Pterolepis Schrad., Gött. Gel. Anz. 3: 2071 (1821)
    • Heleogiton Schult., Mant. 2: 2 (1824), nom. illeg.
    • Elytrospermum C.A.Mey., Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 1: 200 (1830)
    • Malacochaete Nees, Linnaea 9: 292 (1834)
    • Pterygolepis Rchb., Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch: 236 (1841)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Africa
    • Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Macaronesia
      • Canary Islands, Madeira.
    • West Tropical Africa
      • Benin, Burkina, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Niger, Senegal, Sierre Leone.
    • West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Rwanda, Zaïre.
    • Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan.
    • East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
    • South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
    • Southern Africa
      • Botswana, Cape Provinces, Lesotho, Namibia, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Swaziland, Northern Provinces.
    • Western Indian Ocean
      • Comoros, Madagascar.
  • Asia-Temperate
    • Siberia
      • Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutiya.
    • Russian Far East
      • Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Islands, Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin.
    • Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
    • Arabian Peninsula
      • Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
    • China
      • China South-Central, Hainan, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria, China North-Central, Qinghai, China Southeast, Tibet, Xinjiang.
    • Mongolia
      • Mongolia.
    • Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto, Taiwan.
  • Asia-Tropical
    • Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
    • Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Malesia
      • Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Philippines.
    • Papuasia
      • New Guinea.
  • Australasia
    • Australia
      • Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia.
    • New Zealand
      • Chatham Islands, New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Pacific
    • Southwestern Pacific
      • New Caledonia, Phoenix Islands, Vanuatu.
    • South-Central Pacific
      • Easter Islands, Line Islands.
    • Northwestern Pacific
      • Marianas.
    • North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii.
  • Northern America
    • Subarctic America
      • Alaska, Northwest Territories, Yukon.
    • Western Canada
      • Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isle, Québec, Saskatchewan.
    • Eastern Canada
      • Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isle, Québec.
    • Northwestern U.S.A.
      • California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming.
    • North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
    • Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Islands, Vermont, West Virginia.
    • Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah.
    • South-Central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico, Texas.
    • Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia.
    • Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Mexico Southeast.
  • Southern America
    • Central America
      • Belize, Costa Rica, C. American Pacific Islands, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua.
    • Caribbean
      • Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico.
    • Northern South America
      • Venezuela.
    • Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.
    • Brazil
      • Brazil South.
    • Southern South America‘‘‘
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Argentina Northwest, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Paraguay, Uruguay.
  • Antartic
    • Subantarctic Islands
      • Falkland Islands.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

  • Palla, E. 1888. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 38: 49. BHL

Additional references[edit]

  • Hayasaka, E. 2012. Delineation of Schoenoplectiella Lye (Cyperaceae), a genus newly segregated from Schoenoplectus (Rchb.) Palla. Journal of Japanese Botany, 87, 169-186.
  • Shiels, D.R., Hurlbut, D.L., Lichtenwald, S.K., & Monfils, A.K. 2014. Monophyly and phylogeny of Schoenoplectus and Schoenoplectiella (Cyperaceae): Evidence from chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequences. Systematic Botany, 39(1), 132-144. doi: 10.1600/036364414X678198

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: Skřípinec
Deutsch: Teichbinsen
English: bulrush
eesti: Kaisel
suomi: Järvikaislat
Nordfriisk: Bobeln
lietuvių: Meldas
Nederlands: Bies
polski: Oczeret
svenska: Sävsläktet
తెలుగు: జమ్ము గడ్డి
українська: Куга


For more multimedia, look at Schoenoplectus on Wikimedia Commons.