Rafetus swinhoei

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Rafetus swinhoei


Taxonavigation: Trionychoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Division: Archelosauria
Division: Pan-Testudines
Division: Testudinata
Ordo: Testudines
Subordo: Cryptodira
Superfamilia: Trionychoidea

Familia: Trionychidae
Subfamilia: Trionychinae
Genus: Rafetus
Species: Rafetus swinhoei


  • Rafetus swinhoei (Gray 1873:157)
    • Type locality: Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
    • Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.22.9 (formerly; skull, numbered separately as BMNH 1947.3.6.13.


  • Oscaria swinhoei Gray 1873:157
    • Yuen leprosus Heude 1880:20
    • Yuen maculatus Heude 1880:22
    • Yuen elegans Heude 1880:23
    • Yuen viridis Heude 1880:23
    • Yuen pallens Heude 1880:23
    • Trionyx swinhonis Boulenger 1889:ix (nomen novum)
    • Pelochelys taihuensis Zhang 1984:71 (Holocene, Neolithic, subfossil, China (Zhejiang))
    • Trionyx liupani Tao 1986:28 (Late Pleistocene, Taiwan)
    • Rafetus swinhoei Metlan & Webb 1988
    • Rafetus hoankiemensis Ha 1995:4 (nomen nudum)
    • Rafetus hoguomensis Ha 1995:4 (nomen nudum)
    • Rafetus leloii Ha 2000:104
    • Rafetus vietnamensis Le et al. 2010:950. Holotype: HK1 (”Hung Ky specimen”, Ngoc Son Temple and Hoa Binh Museum)


  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1873. Notes on Chinese mud-tortoises (Trionychidae), with the description of a new species sent to the British Museum by Mr. Swinhoe, and observations on the male organ of this family. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 12: 156–161
  • Le Tran; Le Quang Huan, Tran My Linh, Phan Trong Hoang, Phan Minh Tuan, Tran Thi Thanh Huyen, Pham T 2010. Comparative morphological and dna analysis of specimens of giant freshwater soft-shelled turtle in Vietnam related to Hoan Kiem turtle. Tạp chí Công nghệ Sinh học 8(3A): 949–954
  • Turtle Taxonomy Working Group (van Dijk, P.P., Iverson, J.B., Rhodin, A.G.J., Shaffer, H.B. & Bour, R.) 2014. Turtles of the world, 7th edition: annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution with maps, and conservation status. Chelonian Research Monographs 5(7):000.329–479 Reference page
  • IUCN: Rafetus swinhoei (Gray, 1873) (Critically Endangered)
  • Rafetus swinhoei Report on ITIS

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Shanghai soft-shell turtle, Yangtze giant soft-shell turtle, Swinhoe's soft-shell turtle
português: Tartaruga-de-casco-mole-do-Yangtze
ไทย: ตะพาบยักษ์แยงซีเกียง
Tiếng Việt: Rùa mai mềm Thượng Hải
中文: 斑鱉
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Rafetus swinhoei on Wikimedia Commons.