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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis/Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Infraclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohort: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohort: Clupeocephala
Cohort: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohort: Neoteleostei
Infracohort: Eurypterygia
Section: Ctenosquamata
Subsection: Acanthomorphata
Division: Euacanthomorphacea
Subdivision: Berycimorphaceae
Ordo: Beryciformes
Subordo: Trachichthyoidei
Familia: Anomalopidae
Genus: Protoblepharon
Species (2): P. mccoskeri – P. rosenblatti


Type species: Protoblepharon rosenblatti Baldwin, Johnson & Paxton, 1997

Etymology: From the Greek protos (= first), and blepharon (= eyelid), in reference to the cladistic position of the genus as first in the lineage of flashlight fishes that occlude the light organ with an erectable shutter.

Vernacular Names[edit]

English: Flashlight Fishes


  • Baldwin, C. C., Johnson, G. D. & Paxton, J. R.; 1997: Protoblepharon rosenblatti, a new genus and species of flashlight fish (Beryciformes: Anomalopidae) from the tropical South Pacific, with comments on anomalopid phylogeny. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 110 (3): 373–383. BHL
  • Ho, H.-C.; Johnson, G.D. 2012: Protoblepharon mccoskeri, a new flashlight fish from eastern Taiwan (Teleostei: Anomalopidae). Zootaxa 3479: 77–87. Preview PDF reference page 
  • Protoblepharon and its species (including synonyms) in Catalog of Fishes,
    Eschmeyer, W.N., Fricke, R. & Van der Laan, R. (eds.) 2018. Catalog of Fishes electronic version.