Pinus quadrifolia

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Pinus quadrifolia, Cleveland National Forest, San Diego County, California, USA
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Pinus quadrifolia is listed as Least Concern.


Taxonavigation: Pinales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pinophyta
Classis: Pinopsida
Ordo: Pinales

Familia: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: P. subg. Strobus
Sectio: P. sect. Parrya
Subsectio: P. subsect. Cembroides
Species: Pinus quadrifolia



Pinus quadrifolia Parl. ex Sudw., Bull. Div. Forest. U.S.D.A. 14: 17 (1897).


  • Homotypic
    • Pinus cembroides var. quadrifolia (Parl. ex Sudw.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 7: 29 (2000).
  • Heterotypic
    • Pinus llaveana Torr. in W.H.Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 208 (1858), nom. illeg. non Schltdl. (1838).
    • Pinus parryana Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 34: 332 (1862), nom. illeg. non Gordon
    • Pinus cembroides var. parryana Voss, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 16: 95 (1907 publ. 1908).
      • Pinus cembroides subsp. parryana (Voss) A.E.Murray, Kalmia 12: 22 (1982).
    • Pinus juarezensis Lanner, S. W. Naturalist 19(1): 77 (1974). JSTOR
      • Pinus cembroides var. juarezensis (Lanner) Silba, Phytologia 68: 48 (1990).


Native distribution areas:
  • Northern America
    • Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
    • Mexico
      • Mexico Northwest.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition



Primary references


Additional references


Vernacular names

English: Parry Pinyon
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Pinus quadrifolia on Wikimedia Commons.