Ophrys speculum

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Ophrys speculum


Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Ophrys
Species: Ophrys speculum
Subspecies: (3)
O. s. subsp. lusitanica – O. s. subsp. regis-ferdinandii – O. s. subsp. speculum


Ophrys speculum Link, J. Bot. (Schrader) 1799(2): 324 (1800), nom. cons.


  • Homotypic
    • Arachnites speculum (Link) Tod., Orchid. Sicul.: 93 (1842)
  • Heterotypic
    • Ophrys scolopax Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 69 (1805), nom. illeg.
    • Ophrys ciliata Biv., Sicul. Pl. 1: 60 (1806)
    • Ophrys speculum var. lutescens J.J.Rodr., Fl. Menorca: 137 (1904)
    • Ophrys vernixia subsp. ciliata (Biv.) Del Prete, Webbia 37: 252 (1984)
    • Ophrys vernixia subsp. orientalis Paulus, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 18: 43 (2001)
    • Ophrys ciliata var. orientalis (Paulus) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid.: 91 (2004)
    • Ophrys ciliata subsp. orientalis (Paulus) Kreutz, Orchidee (Hamburg) 57: 101 (2006)
    • Ophrys speculum var. orientalis (Paulus) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 178 (2007)
    • Ophrys speculum subsp. orientalis (Paulus) Paulus & Salk., Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(2): 7 (2007), without exact basionym page.
    • Ophrys eos Devillers & Devillers-Tersch., Naturalistes Belges 90: 289 (2009)



Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:

  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • East Aegean Islands, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey.
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.

References: Brummitt, R.K. (2001) TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Vernacular names[edit]

català: Abellera de mirall
corsu: Ofride spichju
čeština: tořič modropyský
Deutsch: Spiegel-Ragwurz
English: Mirror orchid
español: Orquídea abeja espejo
français: Ophrys miroir
italiano: Ofride specchio

For more multimedia, look at Ophrys speculum on Wikimedia Commons.