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Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Galearis
Species: (10)
G. camtschatica – G. cyclochila – G. fauriei – G. huanglongensis – G. roborovskii – G. rotundifolia – G. spathulata – G. spectabilis – G. tschiliensis – G. wardii


Galearis Raf., Herb. Raf.: 71 (1833)


  • Homotypic
  • Heterotypic
    • Aceratorchis Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 12: 328 (1922)
    • Amerorchis Hultén, Ark. Bot., a.s., 7(1): 34 (1967 publ. 1968)
    • Chondradenia Maxim. ex F.Maek., Wild Orchids Japan Colour: 456 (1971)
    • Aorchis Verm., Jahresber. Naturwiss. Vereins Wuppertal 25: 32 (1972)

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Asia-Temperate
    • China
      • China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Manchuria, Qinghai, Tibet, Xinjiang.
    • Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea.
    • Russian Far East
      • Khabarovsk, Primorye.
  • Asia-Tropical
    • Indian Subcontinent
      • East Himalaya, Nepal, West Himalaya.
    • Indo-China
      • Myanmar.
  • Northern America
    • Eastern Canada
      • Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Ontario, Québec.
    • North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin.
    • Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Masachusettes, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Isle, Vermont, West Virginia.
    • Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Montana, Wyoming.
    • Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia.
    • Subarctic America
      • Alaska, Greenland, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon.
    • Western Canada
      • Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary references[edit]

  • Bateman, R.M., James, K.E., Luo, Y.B., Lauri, R.K., Fulcher, T., Cribb, P.J., & Chase, M.W. (2009) Molecular phylogenetics and morphological reappraisal of the Platanthera clade (Orchidaceae: Orchidinae) prompts expansion of the generic limits of Galearis and Platanthera. Annals of Botany 104: 431–445.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2001. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 2: Orchidoideae (Part one); page 290 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850710-0
  • Rafinesque-Schmaltz, C.S. 1833. Herbarium Rafinesquianum, 71–72.


  • The Plant List 2013. Galearis in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 August 23.
  • 2018. Galearis . Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 August 23.

Vernacular names[edit]

日本語: カモメラン属
Перем Коми: Галеарис
коми: Галеарис
мокшень: Галеарис
кырык мары: Галеарис
удмурт: Галеарис

For more multimedia, look at Galearis on Wikimedia Commons.