Matricaria chamomilla

From Wikispecies
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Matricaria chamomilla

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asterales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Anthemideae
Subtribus: Matricariinae
Genus: Matricaria
Species: Matricaria chamomilla

Name[edit]

Matricaria chamomilla L., Sp. Pl. 2: 891 (1753).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Chrysanthemum chamomilla (L.) Bernh., Syst. Verz. Erf.: 145 (1800).
      • Chamaemelum chamomilla (L.) E.H.L.Krause in J.W.Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 13: 200 (1905).
      • Chamomilla chamomilla (L.) Rydb., N. Amer. Fl. 34(3): 231 (1916).
  • Heterotypic
    • Matricaria recutita L., Sp. Pl.: 891 (1753).
      • Matricaria chamomilla var. recutita (L.) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 2: 620 (1927).
      • Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 9: 254 (1974).
    • Matricaria suaveolens L., Fl. Suec., ed. 2: 297 (1755).
      • Chrysanthemum suaveolens Cav., Elench. Pl. Horti Matr.: 10 (1803).
      • Matricaria chamomilla f. suaveolens Fiori, Fl. Italia 3: 236 (1903).
      • Chamaemelum suaveolens E.H.L.Krause in J.W.Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 13: 201 (1905).
    • Matricaria chamaemilla Hill, Veg. Syst. 2: 98 (1761).
    • Leucanthemum chamaemelum Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 139 (1779).
    • Matricaria deflexa Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 221 (1782).
      • Camomilla deflexa Gilib., Exerc. Phyt. 1: 179 (1792).
    • Matricaria patens Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 3: 220 (1782).
      • Camomilla patens Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch.: 220 (1782).
      • Chamomilla patens Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 3: 220 (1782)
    • Matricaria tenuifolia Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 203 (1796).
    • Matricaria pusilla Willd., Enum. Pl.: 907 (1809).
      • Matricaria chamomilla subsp. pusilla (Willd.) Holmboe, Stud. Veg. Cyprus: 182 (1914).
      • Matricaria chamomilla var. pusilla (Willd.) Fiori, Nouv. Fl. Italia 2: 620 (1927).
    • Anthemis vulgaris L. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 1: 53 (1821).
      • Chamomilla vulgaris (L. ex Steud.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 454 (1821 publ. 1822).
    • Chamaemelum vulgare Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 225 (1899).
    • Matricaria courrantiana DC., Prodr. 6: 52 (1838).
      • Chamomilla courrantiana (DC.) K.Koch, Linnaea 24: 338 (1851).
      • Matricaria chamomilla var. courrantiana (DC.) G.Nicholson, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1890(App. 1): 18 (1890).
      • Matricaria chamomilla f. courrantiana (DC.) Fiori, Fl. Italia 3: 236 (1903).
    • Matricaria pyrethroides DC., Prodr. 6: 52 (1838).
    • Matricaria chamomilla var. coronata Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne: 316 (1840).
      • Matricaria coronata (J.Gay ex Boiss.) W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2. 416 (1843).
      • Matricaria recutita var. coronata (Boiss.) Fertig, Fl. Palaest. 3: 344 (1978).
    • Pyrethrum hispanicum Salzm. ex Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 316 (1840).
    • Matricaria chamomilla var. pappulosa Margot & Reut., Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 96 (1840).
      • Matricaria recutita var. pappulosa (Margot & Reut.) Feinbrun, Israel J. Bot. 25: 82 (1976).
    • Chamomilla meridionalis K.Koch, Linnaea 17: 45 (1843).
    • Courrantia chamomilloides Sch.Bip. in P.B.Webb & S.Berthelot, Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2): (1844).
    • Matricaria kochiana Sch.Bip., Tanaceteen: 26 (1844).
      • Matricaria chamomilla f. kochiana (Sch.Bip.) Fiori, Fl. Italia 3: 236 (1903).
      • Matricaria recutita f. kochiana (Sch.Bip.) Fiori, Fl. Italia 3: 236 (1903).
      • Matricaria recutita var. kochiana (Sch.Bip.) Greuter, Candollea 31: 227 (1976).
    • Chamomilla officinalis K.Koch, Linnaea 24: 338 (1851).
    • Chamomilla unilateralis K.Koch, Linnaea 24: 338 (1851).
    • Matricaria bayeri Kanitz, Magyar Tud. Értek. 1862(4): 321 (1862).
      • Matricaria chamomilla subsp. bayeri (Kanitz) H.Neumayer, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 79: 392 (1930).
      • Chamomilla recutita var. bayeri (Kanitz) Dostál, Folia Mus. Rerum Nat. Bohemiae Occid., Bot. 21: 13 (1984).
      • Chamomilla recutita subsp. bayeri (Kanitz) Dostál, Nová Kvet. CSSR 2: 1028 (1989)
    • Matricaria salina Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 336 (1866).
    • Matricaria obliqua Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 505 (1867).
    • Matricaria exigua Tuntas in Heldreich, Sched. Herb. Fl. Norm. 1901: n.° 1642 (1901).
    • Matricaria littoralis Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 257 (1903).
    • Matricaria capitellata Batt. & Pit. in C.J.M.Pitard, Contr. Fl. Maroc, mimeographed ed.: 20 (1918).
    • Matricaria suaveolens f. macrocephala Probst & Thell., Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 64: 807 (1919).
    • Matricaria tenuifolia f. nikolicii Gajić, Glasn. Prir. Mus. Beogradu, Ser. B, Biol. Nauke 28: 23 (1973).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands.
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Mali.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Ethiopia.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, Buryatiya, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutskiya.
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Magadan, Primorye.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Sinai, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Gulf States.
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, Manchuria, China North-Central, China Southeast, Xinjiang.
    • Regional: Mongolia
      • Mongolia.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Korea.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • India, Pakistan, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Myanmar, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Jawa.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales, South Australia.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Subarctic America
      • Greenland.
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Oregon, Washington.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona, California, Utah.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Southeast.
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Cuba, Dominican Republic.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Juan Fernández Islands, Paraguay, Uruguay.
  • Note: Grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

مصرى: بابونج
العربية: بابونج ألماني
azərbaycanca: Aptek çobanyastığı
башҡортса: Шифалы ромашка
беларуская: Рамонак аптэчны
bosanski: Kamilica
català: Camamilla, Camamil·la, Camamirla
čeština: heřmánek pravý
dansk: Vellugtende Kamille
Deutsch: Echte Kamille
English: scented mayweed, wild chamomile, german chamomile
Esperanto: Kamomilo
español: amargaza, bastardilla, bonina, camamila, camamila del comercio, camamilda, camamilla, camamirla, camomila, camomilla, chamomilla, corona de rey, magarsa, magarza, magarza común, magarza montesina, magarzuela, manzanilla, manzanilla alemana, manzanilla basta, manzanilla bastarda, manzanilla blanca, manzanilla buena, manzanilla común, manzanilla de Alemania, manzanilla de Aragón, manzanilla de Urgel, manzanilla de los corrales, manzanilla del huerto, manzanilla dulce, manzanilla fina, manzanilla hedionda, manzanilla loca, manzanilla olorosa, manzanilla ordinaria, manzanilla real, manzanilla silvestre, manzanilla vulgar, manzanillón, matricaria hedionda, matricaria loca, ojo de buey, ojo de vaca
eesti: Teekummel, Valge ätse, Ubina-hein, Saksakanalill
euskara: Kamamila, Kamomila
فارسی: بابونه
suomi: Kamomillasaunio
Nordfriisk: Kamel
français: camomille sauvage, petite camomille, camomille allemande
galego: Macela
Avañe'ẽ: Manzanilla
hrvatski: Kamilica
magyar: Orvosi székfű, kamilla
հայերեն: դեղատնային երիցուկ
Bahasa Indonesia: Chamomile
italiano: camomilla
日本語: カモミール, カミツレ, 加密列, カモミーユ, カモミール・ローマン
ქართული: სამკურნალო გვირილა, ბაბუნა
қазақша: Дәрілік түймедақ
한국어: 마트리카리아 카모밀라
Lëtzebuergesch: Kaméileblumm, Kamill
Limburgs: Maoter, Kamille
lietuvių: Vaistinė ramunė, Ramunėlė
latviešu: Ārstniecības kumelīte, Chamomilla chamomilla, Kumelīte
македонски: Камилица
кырык мары: Ромашка
norsk bokmål: Kamille, Kamomilleblom, Chamomilla recutita, Kamilleblom, Kamomille, Chamomilla chamomilla
Nederlands: echte kamille
ирон: Æхсынкъмарæн
polski: Rumianek pospolity
پښتو: مروری
português: camomila-vulgar, camomila, camomila-alemã, camomilha, camomila-dos-alemães
română: mușețel, romaniţă, romaniță, muşeţel
русский: Ромашка аптечная, Ромашка лекарственная, Немецкая ромашка, Ромашка ободранная
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rimska kamilica
slovenčina: rumanček kamilkový, harmanček pravý, rumanček pravý
slovenščina: Prava kamilica, Kamilica
shqip: Kamomili
српски / srpski: камилица
svenska: Kamomill, Sötblomster
Türkçe: Adi papatya, Tıbbi papatya, Mayıs papatyası, Papatya
українська: Ромашка лікарська
Tiếng Việt: Cúc La Mã
中文: 德國洋甘菊
For more multimedia, look at Matricaria recutita on Wikimedia Commons.