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Sphenodon punctatus


Taxonavigation: Rhynchocephalia 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Rhynchocephalia

Familia: Sphenodontidae
Genera: Sphenodon – †Oenosaurus – †Priosphenodon



  • Hatteriidae Cope, 1864 [suppressed under the plenary power for the purposes of the Principle of Priority but not for those of the Principle of Homonymy]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Tuataras
日本語: ムカシトカゲ科
Māori: Tuatara


  • Apesteguía, S.; Novas, F.E. 2003: Large Cretaceous sphenodontian from Patagonia provides insight into lepidosaur evolution in Gondwana. Nature, 425: 609–612. DOI: 10.1038/nature01995 [erratum in Nature, 435: 1280. (2005) DOI: 10.1038/nature03878]
  • Cope, E.D. 1864: On the characters of the higher groups of REPTILIA SQUAMATA-and especially of the DIPLOGLOSSA. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 1864: 224–231. Internet Archive BHL
  • Cope, E.D. 1870: Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 19: 235 [not seen]
  • ICZN 1957: Opinion 455. Validation under the Plenary Powers (a) of the emendation to Sphenodon of the generic name Sphaenodon Gray (J.E.), 1831, and (b) of the family-group name SPHENODONTIDAE Cope, 1870 (Class Reptilia). Opinions and declarations rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 15: 379–392. BHL BioStor
  • ICZN 1958: "Opinion" 455. The family-group names "Sphenodontidae" Cope, 1870, and "Hatteriidae" Cope, 1864 (Class Reptilia). Bulletin of zoological nomenclature, 15A: 149–150. BHL
  • Jones, M.E.H.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Worthy, J.P.; Evans, S.E.; Worthy, T.H. 2009: A sphenodontine (Rhynchocephalia) from the Miocene of New Zealand and palaeobiogeography of the tuatara (Sphenodon). Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 276: 1385–1390. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.1785