Sphenodon punctatus

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Sphenodon punctatus
Taxonavigation: Rhynchocephalia 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Chordata Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Rhynchocephalia

Familia: Sphenodontidae
Genus: Sphenodon
Species: Sphenodon punctatus


  • Sphenodon punctatus (Gray, 1842)
    • Original combination: Hatteria punctata
    • Primary type: holotype
      • Fixation: unique
      • Description:
      • Repository: BMNH
    • Type locality: 'on a small rocky island, two miles from the coast, in the Bay of Plenty' [=Karewa Island]



  • Gray, J.E. 1842: Description of two hitherto unrecorded species of reptiles from New Zealand; presented to the British Museum by Dr. Dieffenbach. P. 72 in: J.E. Gray, The zoological miscellany. Part 2. Treuttel, Würtz & Co., London. Google books
  • Gray, J.E. 1843: Descriptions of the reptiles and Amphibia hitherto observed in New Zealand. Pp. 202-206 in Dieffenbach, E.: Travels in New Zealand; with contributions to the geography, geology, botany, and natural history of that country. Volume 2. John Murray: London. Internet Archive BHL
  • Gray, J.E. 1869: Sphenodon, Hatteria, and Rhynchocephalus. Annals and magazine of natural history (4), 3: 167-168. Internet Archive BHL
  • Grayson, K.L. et al. 2014: Sex ratio bias and extinction risk in an isolated population of tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus). PLoS ONE, 9(4): e94214. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094214 reference page 
  • Hitchmough, R.A.; Patterson, G.K.; Daugherty, C.H. (compilers) 2009: New Zealand living and recently extinct reptiles. P. 542 in: King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson A.J.D.; Rust, S.; McCadie, I. 2009: Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals. Pp. 431-551 in: Gordon, D.P. (ed.) 2009: New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume 1. Kingdom Animalia. Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, New Zealand. ISBN 978-1-877257-72-8
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1952: References to the tuatara in the Stephen Island Letter Book. Fieldiana, zoology, 34: 1-10. Internet Archive BHL
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1953: A visit to Karewa Island, home of the tuatara. Fieldiana, zoology, 34: 153-164. Internet Archive BHL


Vernacular names[edit]

català: Tuatara
Deutsch: Brückenechse, Tuatara, Schnabelkopfechse
English: Beak-head, Cook Strait Tuatara, Sphenodon, Tuatara
español: Tuátara
français: Hatteria Ponctué, Sphénodon Ponctué
polski: Hatteria, tuatara