Gymnadenia borealis

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Gymnadenia borealis


Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Gymnadenia
Species: Gymnadenia borealis


Gymnadenia borealis (Druce) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 12: 130 (1997)


  • Basionym
    • Habenaria gymnadenia var. borealis Druce, Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 5: 172 (1918)
  • Homotypic
    • Gymnadenia conopsea var. borealis (Druce) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34 (1927)
    • Gymnadenia conopsea subsp. borealis (Druce) F.Rose, Watsonia 18: 319 (1991)
  • Heterotypic
    • Gymnadenia conopsea subsp. montana Bisse, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 67: 183 (1963)
    • Gymnadenia conopsea var. montana (Bisse) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 367 (1970 publ. 1971)


Native distribution areas:
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Great Britain, Ireland.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

English: Heath fragrant orchid

For more multimedia, look at Gymnadenia borealis on Wikimedia Commons.