Graphis scripta

From Wikispecies
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Graphis scripta


Taxonavigation: Graphidales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Ostropomycetidae
Ordo: Graphidales

Familia: Graphidaceae
Subfamilia: Graphidoideae
Genus: Graphis
Species: Graphis scripta
Varietates: G. s. var. candida – G. s. var. commatiformis – G. s. var. cretacea – G. s. var. elongata – G. s. var. rugosa – G. s. var. sanguinolenta – G. s. var. scripta – G. s. var. typographica

Formae: G. s. f. acerina – G. s. f. albomarginata – G. s. f. microcarpa – G. s. f. ochroplaca – G. s. f. scripta – G. s. f. stellaris – G. s. f. succinea


Graphis scripta, (L.) Ach., 1809

  • Lichen scriptus L., 1753



  • K. svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. 28: 145
  • Zahlbruckner: Catalogus Lichenum Universalis 2: 324, 396; 8: 204
  • Lamb: Index nom. lich.: 256
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Graphis (pp. 326-328) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description, and distribution map for G. scripta in North America: p. 327; color photo: p. 328, plate 348)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Graphis (pp. 163-164) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp. (Description, diagram of acus and spore septa: p. 163; distribution map, color photo and diagram of lirella: p. 164)
  • Hale, M.E. and Cole, M. (1988) Lichens of California. University of California Press, 254 pages. (Description of G. scripta: p. 200)
  • Orange, A. and James P.W. (1992) Graphis (pp. 258-259) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp. (Description of G. scripta: p. 259)
  • Staiger, B. (2002) Die Flechtenfamilie Graphidaceae: Studien in Richtung einer natürlicheren Gliederung. Bibl. Lichenol. 85: 1–526. (Illustration of G. scripta: p. 254)
  • Staiger, B. and Kalb, K. (2004) Graphis (pp. 118-122) In: Nash III, T.H., Ryan, B.D., Diederich, P., Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages. (Description of G. scripta: p. 122)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Graphis (pp.105-106). In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages. (Description of G. scripta: pp. 105-106)
  • van Herk, K. and Aptroot, A. (2004) Graphis (pp. 186-187) In, Veldgids Korstmossen. Koninkliijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging, 423 pages; in Dutch. (Description of G. scripta: p. 186; color photo: p. 187)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Graphis (pp. 406-407 - Teil 1) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German. (Description and color photo of G. scripta: p. 407)
  • USDA Plants Database
  • North American Lichen Checklist, Version (#14) 8 Oct 2008
  • LIAS
  • MycoBank

Links to photos[edit]

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Graphis scripta

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Common script lichen,   Pencilmark lichen
Nederlands: Gewoon schriftmos