Gladiolus tristis

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Gladiolus tristis


Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Crocoideae
Tribus: Gladioleae
Genus: Gladiolus
Subgenus: G. subg. Ophiolyza
Sectio: G. sect. Homoglossum
Species: Gladiolus tristis



Gladiolus tristis L. (1762)



G. × colvillii – G. × mitchamiensis


  • Heterotypic
    • Gladiolus tristis var. odorus Thunb., Gladiolus: 11 (1784).
    • Gladiolus versicolor var. longifolius Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. 16: t. 556 (1802).
    • Gladiolus concolor Salisb., Parad. Lond. 1: t. 8 (1805).
    • Gladiolus spiralis Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 43 (1805).
    • Gladiolus tristis var. concolor (Salisb.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 172 (1877).
    • Gladiolus aestivalis Ingram, Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 88: 301 (1930).
    • Gladiolus flavidus Ingram, Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 88: 301 (1930).
    • Gladiolus fulvescens Ingram, Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 88: 301 (1930).
    • Gladiolus tristis subsp. spiralis (Pers.) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 6: 124 (1959 publ. 1960).
    • Gladiolus tristis var. aestivalis (Ingram) G.J.Lewis, J. S. African Bot., Suppl. 10: 195 (1972).


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • SW. Cape Prov.
    • Introduced into:
      • Argentina Northeast, California, Greece

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition



Primary references


Additional references

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page

Vernacular names

Afrikaans: Aandblom, Vlei-aandblom
Deutsch: Eintönige Gladiole
English: Marsh afrikaner, Yellow marsh afrikaner, Avon-flower, Evening-flower gladiolus, Large-flower gladiolus, Large gladiolus
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Gladiolus tristis on Wikimedia Commons.