Enicostema

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Gentianaceae
Tribus: Potalieae
Subtribus: Faroinae
Genus: Enicostema
Species: E. axillare – E. elizabethae – E. verticillatum

Name[edit]

Enicostema Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 848 (1826), nom. cons.

  • Type species: Enicostema littorale Blume, Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 848 (1826) (= Enicostema axillare (Lam.) A.Raynal, Adansonia sér. 2, 9: 75 (1969).)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Adenema G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 201 (1837).
    • Henicostemma Endl., Gen. Pl.: 605 (1838).
    • Hippion F.W.Schmidt, Arch. Bot. [Leipzig] 1: 9 (1796), partim, Spreng., Syst. 1: 505 (1825), partim
    • Lepinema Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 26 (1837).
    • Slevogtia Rchb., Consp. Regn. Veg.: 133 (1828).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan.
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Botswana, Namibia, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland, Northern Provinces.
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Madagascar.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Gulf States, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands.
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Costa Rica, Nicaragua.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Cuba, Dominican Republic (introduced), Leeward Islands, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Islands.
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • Guyana, Venezuela.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Whitehead
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Enicostema on Wikimedia Commons.