Cyperus rotundus

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Cyperus rotundus

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cypereae
Genus: Cyperus
Species: Cyperus rotundus

Name[edit]

Cyperus rotundus L., Sp. Pl.: 45 (1753).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Chlorocyperus rotundus (L.) Palla, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 6: 61 (1900).
    • Pycreus rotundus (L.) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 147 (1932).
  • Heterotypic
    • Schoenus tuberosus Burm.f., Fl. Indica: 190 (1768).
    • Cyperus hexastachyos Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl.: 28 (1773).
    • Cyperus tuberosus Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl.: 28 (1773).
    • Cyperus tetrastachyos Desf., Fl. Atlant. 1: 45 (1798).
    • Cyperus hydra Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 27 (1803).
    • Cyperus bicolor Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 340 (1805).
    • Cyperus comosus Sm. in J.Sibthorp & J.E.Smith, Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 30 (1806).
    • Cyperus hildra Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 7: 251 (1806).
    • Cyperus pallescens Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 7: 260 (1806), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus radicosus Sm. in J.Sibthorp & J.E.Smith, Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 30 (1806).
    • Cyperus olivaris O.Targ.Tozz., Mem. Mat. Fis. Soc. Ital. Sci. 13(2): 338 (1807).
    • Cyperus patulus M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 47 (1819), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus agrestis Willd. ex Spreng. & Link, Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 86 (1820).
    • Cyperus rubicundus Willd. ex Link, Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 87 (1820), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus procerulus Nees in R.Wight, Contr. Bot. India: 82 (1834).
    • Cyperus retzii Nees in R.Wight, Contr. Bot. India: 82 (1834), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus elongatus Sieber ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 59 (1837), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus leptostachyus Griff., Itin. Pl. Khasyah Mts.: 321 (1848).
    • Cyperus tenuifolius Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 1: 898 (1849), sphalm.
    • Cyperus inconspicuus Gennari, Linnaea 24: 200 (1851), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus rotundus var. major Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 37 (1852).
    • Cyperus laevissimus Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 32 (1854).
    • Cyperus micreilema Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 32 (1854).
    • Cyperus ochreoides Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 34 (1854).
    • Cyperus officinalis Nees ex Godr. in J.C.M.Grenier & D.A.Godron, Fl. France 3: 359 (1855), not validly publ.
    • Cyperus rotundus var. hydra (Michx.) A.Gray, Manual, ed. 2: 493 (1856).
    • Cyperus bulbosostolonifer Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv.: 260, 559 (1861).
    • Cyperus stolonifer var. pallidus Boeckeler, Linnaea 35: 490 (1868).
    • Cyperus arabicus Ehrenb. ex Boeckeler, Linnaea 36: 284 (1870).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. acutus Boeckeler, Linnaea 36: 284 (1870).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. elongatus Boeckeler, Linnaea 36: 285 (1870).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. spadiceus Boeckeler, Linnaea 36: 284 (1870).
    • Cyperus herbicavus Melliss, St. Helena: 343 (1875).
    • Cyperus oliganthus Gand., Dec. Pl. Nov. 2: 37 (1876).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. carinalis Benth., Fl. Austral. 7: 280 (1878).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. pallidus Benth., Fl. Austral. 7: 280 (1878).
    • Cyperus proteinolepis Boeckeler, Flora 62: 549 (1879), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus longus Boeckeler, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18: 104 (1880), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus pseudovariegatus Boeckeler, Beitr. Cyper. 2: 37 (1880).
    • Cyperus pallescens Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 375 (1882), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus rotundus var. comosus (Sm.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 759 (1882).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. inconspicuus Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 759 (1882).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. macrostachyus Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 377 (1882).
    • Cyperus rudioi Boeckeler, Flora 65: 12 (1882).
    • Cyperus rudioi var. minor Boeckeler, Flora 65: 12 (1882).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. amaliae C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 172 (1884).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. centiflorus C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 171 (1884).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. procerula C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 172 (1884).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. salsolus C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 171 (1884).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. tetrastachyos (Desf.) Trab. in J.A.Battandier & L.C.Trabut, Fl. Alger: 124 (1884).
    • Cyperus viridis Roxb. ex C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 172 (1884), not validly publ.
    • Cyperus badius var. inconspicuus (Nyman) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 317 (1890).
    • Cyperus purpureovariegatus Boeckeler, Beitr. Cyper. 2: 37 (1890).
    • Cyperus rotundus subsp. comosus (Sm.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 135 (1890).
    • Cyperus rotundus subsp. inconspicuus (Nyman) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 135 (1890).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. platystachys Bojer ex C.B.Clarke in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 182 (1897).
    • Cyperus nubicus C.B.Clarke in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 360 (1901).
    • Cyperus olivaris var. brevibracteatus Le Grand, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 4: 61 (1901).
    • Cyperus taylorii C.B.Clarke in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 367 (1901).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. carinatus F.M.Bailey, Queensl. Fl. 6: 1745 (1902), orth. var.
    • Chlorocyperus salaamensis Palla, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 70 (1903).
    • Cyperus merkeri C.B.Clarke, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 134 (1906).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. brevibracteatus (Le Grand) Husn., Cypéracées: 76 (1906).
    • Cyperus bifax C.B.Clarke, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8: 13 (1908).
    • Cyperus disruptus C.B.Clarke, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8: 12 (1908).
    • Cyperus platystachys Cherm., Ann. Mus. Colon. Marseille, sér. 3, 10(1): 48 (1922).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. pseudesculentus Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: 44 (1924).
    • Cyperus rotundus f. comosus (Sm.) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 112 (1935).
    • Cyperus rotundus f. contractus Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 112 (1935).
    • Cyperus rotundus f. depallescens Ekman & Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 112 (1935).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. disruptus (C.B.Clarke) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 115 (1935).
    • Cyperus rotundus f. inconspicuus (Nyman) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 112 (1935).
    • Cyperus rotundus f. latifolius Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 112 (1935).
    • Cyperus rotundus f. latimarginatus Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 112 (1935).
    • Cyperus rotundus subsp. merkeri (C.B.Clarke) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 115 (1935).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. nubicus (C.B.Clarke) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 115 (1935).
    • Cyperus rotundus subsp. retzii Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 114 (1935).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. taylorii (C.B.Clarke) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 114 (1935).
    • Cyperus rotundus subsp. tuberosus (Rottb.) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 113 (1935).
    • Cyperus weinlandii Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 131 (1935).
    • Cyperus yoshinagae Ohwi, J. Jap. Bot. 13: 332 (1937).
    • Cyperus rotundus var. quimoyensis L.K.Dai, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 231 (1961).
    • Cyperus rotundus subsp. brevibracteatus (Le Grand) M.Laínz, Aport. Conoc. Fl. Gallega 7: 34 (1971).
    • Cyperus rotundus subsp. divaricatus Lye, Nordic J. Bot. 16: 367 (1996).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Trop. & Subtrop. Old World
      • Afghanistan; Albania; Aldabra; Algeria; Andaman Is.; Angola; Assam; Austria; Azores; Baleares; Bangladesh; Belize; Benin; Borneo; Botswana; Bulgaria; Burkina; Burundi; Cambodia; Cameroon; Canary Is.; Cape Provinces; Cape Verde; Caprivi Strip; Pac; Chad; Chagos Archipelago; Chile Central; China North-Central; China South-Central; China Southeast; Christmas I.; Comoros; Congo; Cook Is.; Corse; Cyprus; Czechoslovakia; Djibouti; East Aegean Is.; East Himalaya; Egypt; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Fiji; France; Free State; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Great Britain; Greece; Guinea; Gulf States; Gulf of Guinea Is.; Guyana; Hainan; Haiti; Hawaii; India; Iran; Iraq; Italy; Ivory Coast; Japan; Jawa; Kazakhstan; Kazan-retto; Kenya; Kermadec Is.; Kirgizstan; Korea; Kriti; KwaZulu-Natal; Lebanon-Syria; Leeward Is.; Lesotho; Lesser Sunda Is.; Libya; Line Is.; Madagascar; Madeira; Malawi; Malaya; Maldives; Mali; Maluku; Manchuria; Marianas; Marshall Is.; Mauritania; Mauritius; Morocco; Mozambique; Mozambique Channel I; Myanmar; Namibia; Nansei-shoto; Nauru; Nepal; New Caledonia; New South Wales; Nicobar Is.; Niger; Nigeria; Niue; Norfolk Is.; North Caucasus; Ogasawara-shoto; Oman; Pakistan; Palestine; Philippines; Phoenix Is.; Portugal; Queensland; Rodrigues; Romania; Runion; Rwanda; Sardegna; Saudi Arabia; Selvagens; Senegal; Seychelles; Sicilia; Sierra Leone; Sinai; Society Is.; Socotra; Somalia; South Australia; South China Sea; Spain; Sri Lanka; St.Helena; Sudan; Sulawesi; Sumatera; Suriname; Swaziland; Switzerland; Taiwan; Tanzania; Thailand; Tibet; Togo; Tokelau-Manihiki; Tonga; Transcaucasus; Tuamotu; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkey-in-Europe; Turkmenistan; Turks-Caicos Is.; Uganda; Uzbekistan; Vietnam; West Himalaya; Western Australia; Western Sahara; Yemen; Yugoslavia; Zambia; Zare; Zimbabwe

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

  • Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus I. Pp. [I–XII], 1–560. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm]. BHL Reference page. : 45.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Afrikaans: Rooiuintjie
русский: Сыть круглая
தமிழ்: கோரை
lea faka-Tonga: Pakopako
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