Cyperus esculentus

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Cyperus esculentus

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cypereae
Genus: Cyperus
Species: Cyperus esculentus

Name[edit]

Cyperus esculentus L., Sp. Pl.: 45 (1753).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Pterocyperus esculentus (L.) Opiz, Seznam: 80 (1852).
    • Cyperus aureus subsp. esculentus (L.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 759 (1882), nom. superfl.
    • Pycreus esculentus (L.) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 147 (1932).
  • Heterotypic
    • Cyperus pallidus Savi, Cat. Piant. Egiz.: 23, 31, nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus melanorhizus Delile, Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 3: 50 (1813).
    • Cyperus tuberosus Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 52 (1813), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus hydra Kunth in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 205 (1816), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus repens Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 68 (1816).
    • Cyperus phymatodes Muhl., Descr. Gram.: 23 (1817).
    • Cyperus nervosus Bertol., Opusc. Sci. 3: 407 (1819).
    • Cyperus gracilis Link, Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 84 (1820), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus aureus Ten., Fl. Napol. 3: 45 (1824), nom. illeg.
    • Cyperus gracilescens Schult., Mant. 2: 100 (1824).
    • Cyperus tenorei C.Presl, Fl. Sicul.: xliii (1826).
    • Cyperus sieberianus Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 313 (1827).
    • Cyperus tenoreanus Schult. & Schult.f., Mant. 3(Add. 1): 544 (1827).
    • Cyperus officinalis T.Nees, Pl. Med., Abbild.: t. 25, f. B (1830).
    • Cyperus damiettensis A.Dietr., Sp. Pl. 2: 269 (1833).
    • Cyperus lutescens Torr. & Hook., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 433 (1836).
    • Cyperus helodes Schrad. ex Nees in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(1): 37 (1842).
    • Cyperus fulvescens Liebm., Mexic. Halvgr.: 210 (1850).
    • Cyperus bahiensis Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 35 (1854).
    • Cyperus bulamensis Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 19 (1854).
    • Cyperus variabilis Salzm. ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 46 (1854).
    • Cyperus chrysostachys Boeckeler, Flora 42: 438 bis (1859).
    • Cyperus heermannii Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 15: 10 (1863 publ. 1864).
    • Cyperus ruficomus Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 15: 9 (1863 publ. 1864).
    • Cyperus esculentus var. leptostachyus Boeckeler, Linnaea 36: 290 (1870).
    • Cyperus esculentus var. macrostachyus Boeckeler, Linnaea 36: 291 (1870).
    • Cyperus esculentus var. sativus Boeckeler, Linnaea 36: 290 (1870).
    • Cyperus phymatodes var. heermannii (Buckley) S.Watson in S.Watson & al., Bot. California 2: 215 (1880).
    • Cyperus callistus Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 2: 143 (1884).
    • Cyperus esculentus f. evolutus C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 180 (1884).
    • Cyperus esculentus var. helodes (Schrad. ex Nees) C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 181 (1884).
    • Cyperus esculentus f. princeps C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 179 (1884).
    • Cyperus esculentus var. sprucei C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 181 (1884).
    • Cyperus esculentus var. angustispicatus Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 211 (1886).
    • Cyperus esculentus var. heermannii (Buckley) Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 214 (1886).
    • Cyperus buchananii Boeckeler, Beitr. Cyper. 1: 4 (1888).
    • Cyperus esculentus subsp. aureus K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 135 (1890).
    • Chlorocyperus aureus (K.Richt.) Palla ex Kneuck., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 69 (1903).
    • Chlorocyperus phymatodes (Muhl.) Palla, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 69 (1903).
    • Cyperus esculentus var. phymatodes (Muhl.) Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 185 (1926).
    • Cyperus esculentus var. lutescens (Torr. & Hook.) Kük. ex Osten, Anales Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, 3: 146 (1931).
    • Cyperus esculentus var. cyclolepis Boeckeler ex Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 119 (1935).
    • Cyperus esculentus f. angustispicatus (Britton) Fernald, Rhodora 44: 151 (1942).
    • Cyperus esculentus f. macrostachyus (Boeckeler) Fernald, Rhodora 44: 151 (1942).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Trop. & Subtrop. to N. America
      • Afghanistan; Alabama; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Argentina Northeast; Argentina Northwest; Arizona; Arkansas; Aruba; Austria; Azores; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Belgium; Belize; Benin; Bermuda; Bolivia; Botswana; Brazil North; Brazil Northeast; Brazil South; Brazil Southeast; British Columbia; Bulgaria; Burkina; Burundi; Cabinda; California; Cambodia; Cameroon; Canary Is.; Cape Provinces; Cape Verde; Caprivi Strip; Central African Repu; Central American Pac; Chad; China North-Central; Colombia; Colorado; Comoros; Congo; Connecticut; Corse; Costa Rica; Cuba; Delaware; District of Columbia; Djibouti; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; Egypt; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Florida; France; Free State; Gabon; Galpagos; Gambia; Georgia; Germany; Ghana; Greece; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Guinea Is.; Hawaii; Honduras; Idaho; Illinois; India; Indiana; Iowa; Iran; Iraq; Italy; Ivory Coast; Jamaica; Jawa; Kansas; Kentucky; Kenya; Kriti; KwaZulu-Natal; Leeward Is.; Lesotho; Liberia; Libya; Louisiana; Madagascar; Madeira; Maine; Mali; Maryland; Masachusettes; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico Central; Mexico Gulf; Mexico Northeast; Mexico Northwest; Mexico Southeast; Mexico Southwest; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Namibia; Nebraska; Nepal; Netherlands Antilles; Nevada; New Brunswick; New Guinea; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New Mexico; New South Wales; New York; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; North Carolina; North Caucasus; North Dakota; Northern Provinces; Ohio; Oklahoma; Ontario; Oregon; Pakistan; Panam; Paraguay; Pennsylvania; Peru; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Qubec; Rhode I.; Rwanda; Senegal; Sicilia; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Carolina; South Dakota; Spain; St.Helena; Sudan; Swaziland; Taiwan; Tanzania; Tennessee; Texas; Togo; Transcaucasus; Trinidad-Tobago; Tristan da Cunha; Tunisia; Turkey; Uganda; Ukraine; Uruguay; Utah; Venezuela; Venezuelan Antilles; Vermont; Vietnam; Virginia; Washington; West Himalaya; West Virginia; Windward Is.; Wisconsin; Yemen; Zare

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

  • Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus I. Pp. [I–XII], 1–560. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm]. BHL Reference page. : 45.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Afrikaans: Geeluintjie
Akan: Atadwe
English: Yellow nutsedge
español: Chufa
français: Souchet comestible
italiano: Zigolo dolce
polski: Cibora jadalna
русский: Чуфа
ไทย: แห้วไทย
Türkçe: Yer bademi
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