Crocus vernus

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Crocus vernus

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Crocoideae
Tribus: Croceae
Genus: Crocus
Sectio: C. sect. Crocus
Serie: C. ser. Verni
Species: Crocus vernus

Name[edit]

Crocus vernus (L.) Hill, Veg. Syst. 10: 1. 1765.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Crocus sativus var. vernus L., Sp. Pl. 36. 1753.
      • Lectotype (designated by Peruzzi et al. 2013: 1038): [Switzerland, Ticino] In Gothardo Rhaetorum, Burser Herbarium (III: 64, UPS)
  • Homotypic
  • Heterotypic
    • Crocus caeruleus Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 237. 1771.
    • Crocus rubens Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 237. 1771.
    • Crocus albiflorus Kit. ex Schult., Oestr. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 101. 1814.
    • Crocus acutiflorus Seidl, Naturalientausch 9: 123. 1825.
    • Crocus vernus var. parviflorus J.Gay, Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 11: 371. 1827.
    • Crocus vernus var. albiflorus (Kit. ex Schult.) Herb., Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3874. 1841.
    • Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus (Kit. ex Schult.) Ces. in C.Cattaneo, Not. Nat. Civ. Lombardia: 315. 1844.
    • Crocus vernus subvar. albiflorus (Kit. ex Schult.) Herb., J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271. 1847.
    • Crocus montenegrinus A.Kern. ex Maw, Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 368. 1881.
    • Crocus heuffelianus subsp. albiflorus (Kit. ex Schult.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 708. 1882.
    • Crocus vernus var. acutiflorus (Seidl) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 708. 1882.
    • Crocus appendiculatus A.Kern. ex Maw, Crocus: 143. 1886, nom. inval., pro syn.
    • Crocus montanus Hoppe ex Maw, Crocus: 152. 1886, nom. inval., pro syn.
    • Crocus vilmae Fiala, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 40: 247. 1890.
    • Crocus parviflorus (J.Gay) E.H.L.Krause in J.Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 1: 128. 1906, nom. illeg.
    • Crocus pygmaeus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 58. 1909.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Germany, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Italy, Yugoslavia.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Kentucky (intreoduced).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

български: син минзухар
català: Safrà de muntanya
kaszëbsczi: Zymkòwi szafran
čeština: šafran jarní
Cymraeg: Saffrwm y gwanwyn
dansk: Vår-Krokus
Deutsch: Frühlings-Krokus
English: spring crocus, giant crocus, dutch crocus
eesti: Kevadine krookus
suomi: Kevätsahrami
français: Crocus printanier
hornjoserbsce: Nalětnja barbička
magyar: Kerti sáfrány
հայերեն: քրքում գարնանային
kurdî: Pizîlaqa kûçikan
lietuvių: Pavasarinis krokas
Nederlands: Bonte krokus
polski: Krokus wiosenny, Szafran wiosenny
română: Brândușa de munte
русский: Шафран весенний, Крокус весенний
slovenčina: šafran bielokvetý
slovenščina: spomladansi žafran, pomladanski žafran
svenska: Vårkrokus
中文(简体)‎: 荷兰番红花
中文(繁體)‎: 荷蘭番紅花
中文(台灣)‎: 荷蘭番紅花
中文: 荷蘭番紅花, 紫番紅花, 春番紅, 荷兰番红花
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