Cinnamomum camphora

From Wikispecies
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Laurales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Magnoliids
Ordo: Laurales

Familia: Lauraceae
Tribus: Cinnamomeae
Genus: Cinnamomum
Sectio: C. sect. Camphora
Species: Cinnamomum camphora

Name[edit]

Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin 2: 47 (-56, t. 8) (1825).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Camphora camelliifolia Lukman., Nomencl. Iconogr. Cannell. Camphr. 22 (1889)
  • Camphora camphora (L.) H.Karst., Deut. Fl. 504. 1880-83
  • Camphora hahnemannii Lukman., Nomencl. Iconogr. Cannell. Camphr. 22 (1889)
  • Camphora hippocratei Lukman., Nomencl. Iconogr. Cannell. Camphr. 21 (1889)
  • Camphora decaisnei Lukman.
  • Camphora decandollei Lukman.
  • Camphora humboldtii Lukman.
  • Camphora humboldtii var. syringifolia Lukman.
  • Camphora neesii Lukman.
  • Camphora neesii var. microphylla Lukman.
  • Camphora neesii var. pharbitifolia Lukman.
  • Camphora officinarum var. hahnemannii Lukman.
  • Camphora officinarum var. hippocratei Lukman.
  • Camphora officinalis Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 1: 271 (1840)
  • Camphora officinarum var. glaucescens A.Braun, Verb. Preuss. Gartenb. Ver. 21: 9 (1850)
  • Camphora oldhamii Lukman.
  • Camphora procera Lukman.
  • Camphora rougieri Lukman.
  • Camphora sieboldii Lukman.
  • Camphora thouarsii Lukman.
  • Camphora thunbergii Lukman.
  • Camphora thwaitesii Lukman.
  • Camphora vera Raf., Sylva Tellur. 136 (1838)
  • Camphora wrightii Lukman.
  • Camphora zollingeri Lukman.
  • Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Nees & Eberm., Handb. Med.-Pharm. Bot. 2: 430 (1831)
  • Cinnamomum camphora f. cyclophyllum (Nakai) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl. 513 (2017)
  • Cinnamomum camphora subvar. hosyo Hatus., Biol. Mag. Okinawa 9: 13 (1972)
  • Cinnamomum camphora var. cyclophyllum Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 19: 369 (1943)
  • Cinnamomum camphora var. glaucescens (A.Braun) Meisn., DC., Prodr. 15(1): 24 (1864)
  • Cinnamomum camphora var. linaloolifera Y.Fujita, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 65: 245 (1952)
  • Cinnamomum camphora var. nominale Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 22: 349 (1906)
  • Cinnamomum camphora var. rotundifolia Makino, Makinoa 8: 150 (1948)
  • Cinnamomum camphora var. werffii Dao, Fl. Vietnam 20: 217 (2017)
  • Cinnamomum camphoriferum St.-Lag.
  • Cinnamomum camphoroides Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 158 (1913)
  • Cinnamomum henricii Saporta ex Staub
  • Cinnamomum nominale (Hayata) Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 160-161 (1913)
  • Cinnamomum officinarum Nees ex Steud.
  • Cinnamomum simondii Lecomte, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., ser. 5, 5: 73 (1913)
  • Cinnamomum taquetii Lév., Fedde, Repert. 10: 370 (1912)
  • Laurus calycina Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 421 (1812)
  • Laurus camphora L., Sp. Pl. 1: 369 (1753)
  • Laurus camphorifera Salisb., Prod. 343 (1796)
  • Laurus gracilis Hort. ex G.Don, Loudon Hort. Brit. 160 (1830)
  • Persea camphora (L.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 2: 268 (1825)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto, Taiwan
    • Introduced into:
      • Alabama, Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Georgia, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, Honduras, Laos, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Marianas, Mauritius, Mississippi, Nepal, New South Wales, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Pakistan, Queensland, Réunion, Seychelles, South Carolina, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Victoria, Vietnam

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Afrikaans: Kanferboom
беларуская: Камфоравае дрэва
Deutsch: Kampferbaum
Ελληνικά: Καμφορά
English: Camphor tree
español: alcanforero
suomi: Kamferipuu
français: Camphrier
italiano: Canfora
日本語: クスノキ(樟、楠)
한국어: 녹나무
polski: Cynamonowiec kamforowy
português: Canforeiro
русский: Камфорное дерево
svenska: Kamferträd
Türkçe: Kafur ağacı
中文: 樟树
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Cinnamomum camphora on Wikimedia Commons.