Caroxylon aphyllum

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Caroxylon aphyllum (b,c)
Caroxylon aphyllum


Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Chenopodiaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Salsoloideae
Tribus: Caroxyleae
Genus: Caroxylon
Species: Caroxylon aphyllum



Caroxylon aphyllum (L.f.) Tzvelev, Ukrayins'k. Bot. Zhurn. 50(1): 80. (1993)


  • Basionym
    • Salsola aphylla L.f., Suppl. Pl. 173. (1782, as "1781")
      • Type: South Africa: Caput bonae Spei. [Cape of Good Hope s.l.]. C.P. Thunberg s.n.; Holotype: LINN-HL315.26. Isotypes: BM-000910448, H-1039586, LD1260085, LE-00011773, PRE-52570. Global Plants lists BM-000910447! also as isotype, which is not correct (Mucina 2017: 156).
  • Homotypic
    • Salsola caroxylon Moq., Chenop. Monogr. Enum. 143. (1840), nom. superfl. et illeg.
  • Heterotypic (ref. Mucina 2017)
    • Caroxylon salsola Thunb., Nova Genera Plantarum 2: 37 (1782).
      • Lectotype (designated by Mucina 2017: 169): [South Africa]. Promont. Bonae Spei [Cape of Good Hope]: Thunberg s.n. Lectotype: 07-809; Isolectotypes: S07-808; S07-810; S-G-7074.
    • Salsola aphylla var. canescens Fenzl ex Drège
    • Caroxylon brevifolium St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 121. (1880), nom. illeg. (proposed as a replacement name for Caroxylon salsola)
    • Salsola caffra Sparrman, in Resa Goda Hopps Udden 1772–76, 1: 310. (1783).
      • Type not designated
    • Caroxylon caffrum (Sparrman) Mucina, Phytotaxa 312(2): 158. (2017)
    • Salsola aphylloides L.f., nom. inval. in schedis (LINN-HL315.25, HL315.26 "(Salsola aphylloides CBS [Caput Bonae Spei] T[hunberg] 354)", HL315.27), Art. 38.1(a) of ICN
    • Salsola aphylloides L.f. ex B.D.Jacks. in Index Linn. Herb. (1912), nom. nud.
    • Salsola eriosepala C.A.Sm. ex Ulbr. in Engl. & Prantl in Natürl. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 16c: 566 (1934), nom. nud.
  • (+ ref. Hassler 2019)
    • Chenopodium caroxylon D'Urban, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 8: 272. (1865)
    • Salsola africana hort. ex Moq., DC. Prod. 13(2): 176. (1849), nom. inval in syn.
    • Suaeda africana hort. ex Moq., DC. Prod. 13(2): 158. (1849), nom. inval in syn.


Native distribution areas:
  • Africa
    • Southern Africa
      • Namibia, Botswana, South Africa (ES, FS, LIM, NC, WC)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition



Primary references


Additional references

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