Calophyllum inophyllum

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Calophyllum inophyllum]]

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Malpighiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Calophyllaceae
Tribus: Calophylleae
Genus: Calophyllum
Species: Calophyllum inophyllum

Name[edit]

Calophyllum inophyllum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 513. 1753.

  • Lectotypus: Herb. Hermann 2: 82, No. 201 (BM-000594641) (JSTOR Global Plants) (designated by Bamps & al. in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Africa. Gutttiferae: 3. 1978).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Balsamaria inophyllum (L.) Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 2: 470. 1790.
  • Heterotypic
    • Calophyllum bingator Roxb., Hort. Bengal. 41. 1814; Fl. Ind. 2: 607. 1824.
    • Calophyllum blumei Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 1: 128. 1838.
      • Calophyllum inophyllum β blumei (Wight) Hassk., Pl. Jav. Rar. 276. 1848.
    • Calophyllum inophyllum f. oblongata Miq., Pl. Jungh. 291. 1854.
    • Calophyllum inophyllum f. obovata Miq., Pl. Jungh. 291. 1854.
    • Calophyllum ovatifolium Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunst. 5(Art. 4): 13. 1790.
    • Calophyllum inophyllum var. takamaka Fosberg, Kew Bull. 29(2): 255. 1974.
    • Calophyllum wakamatsui Kaneh., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 48: 401. 1934.
      • Calophyllum inophyllum var. wakamatsui (Kaneh.) Fosberg & Sachet, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 45: 12. 1980.

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Guinea (introduced).
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Cameroon, Congo, Gabon (all introduced)), Gulf of Guinea Islands (Bioko).
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Mozambique.
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Aldabra, Chagos Archipelago, Comoros (Comoros, Mayotte), Mauritius, Madagascar, Réunion, Rodrigues, Seychelles.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate (all introduced)
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central (Yunnan (?)), Hainan, China Southeast (Guangdong (?)).
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Kazan-retto, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto, Taiwan
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, India (Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, all introduced), Laccadive Islands, Maldives, Sri Lanka.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Islands, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Jawa, Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore), Philippines, Christmas Isle.
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • Bismarck Archipelago.
    • Regional: Australia
      • Northern Territory, Queensland.
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • Fiji, Gilbert Islands, Nauru, Niue, New Caledonia, Phoenix Islands, Samoa (American Samoa, Western Samoa), Tokelau-Manihiki (Swains Island, Tokelau), Tonga, Tuvalu (introduced), Wallis-Futuna Islands.
    • Regional: South-Central Pacific
      • Cook Islands, Line Islands (Kiribati Line Islands, U.S. Line Islands), Marquesas, Society Islands, Tuamotu, Tubuai Islands.
    • Regional: Northwestern Pacific
      • Caroline Islands (Micronesia Federated States, Palau), Marianas (Guam, Northern Marianas), Marshall Islands.
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii (Hawaiian Islands: Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Island; introduced)
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Florida (introduced).
  • Continental: Southern America (all introduced)
    • Regional: Central America
      • Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Cuba, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Colombia.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Alexandrinischer Lorbeer
English: Alexandrian-laurel, balltree, beach calophyllum, beach touriga, beautyleaf, Borneo-mahogany, Indian doomba oiltree, Indian-laurel, laurelwood, satin touriga, tacamahac-tree
español: palo de Santa María, palo María, undi
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Calophyllum inophyllum on Wikimedia Commons.