Bitis arietans

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Bitis arietans


Taxonavigation: Viperoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Viperoidea

Familia: Viperidae
Subfamilia: Viperinae
Genus: Bitis
Species: Bitis arietans
Subspecies (2): B. a. arietans – B. a. somalica


  • Bitis arietans (Merrem, 1820) [conserved name]

Type locality: “Promontorio bonae spei [=Cape of Good Hope]”, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology (Direction 1: Opinion 188).


  • Vipera (Echidna) arietans Merrem, 1820: 152 [original combination]
  • Echidna arietansWagler, 1828: pl. xi [name combination]
  • Clotho arietansGray, 1842: 69 [name combination]
  • Bitis arietansGünther, 1858: 268 [name combination]


Primary references[edit]

  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien. Johann Christian Krieger: Marburg. xv + 191 pp., 1 pl. BHL Reference page. 
  • International Commisision on Zoological Nomenclature 1945. Opinion 188. Suppression of the name Cobra Laurenti 1768 and suspension of the rules for Bitis Gray, 1842. pp. 77–92 In Hemming, F. (ed.). Opinions and declarations rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature Volume 3, part 7. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature: London. 448 pp. BHL Reference page. 


Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Gemeine Puffotter
English: Puff Adder
magyar: Puffogó vipera
Türkçe: Şişen engerek
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Bitis arietans on Wikimedia Commons.