Bitis arietans

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Bitis arietans


Taxonavigation: Viperoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Cladus: Unidentata, Episquamata
Cladus: Toxicofera
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Viperoidea

Familia: Viperidae
Subfamilia: Viperinae
Genus: Bitis
Species: Bitis arietans
Subspecies (2): B. a. arietans – B. a. somalica



Bitis arietans (Merrem, 1820) [conserved name]

  • Lectotype (icnotype): specimen described and illustrated by Seba (1735: 55, pl. 54, fig. 4). [designated by Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014: 91)]
  • Type locality: “Promontorio bonae spei [=Cape of Good Hope]”, Western Cape Province, South Africa.
  • Placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology by Opinion 188 (1945).


  • Vipera (Echidna) arietans Merrem, 1820: 152 [original combination]
  • Echidna arietansWagler, 1828: pl. xi [subsequent combination]
  • Clotho arietansGray, 1842: 69 [subsequent combination]
  • Bitis arietansGünther, 1858: 268 [subsequent combination]



Primary references

  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien. Johann Christian Krieger: Marburg. xv + 191 pp., 1 pl. BHL Reference page
  • International Commisision on Zoological Nomenclature 1945. Opinion 188. Suppression of the name Cobra Laurenti 1768 and suspension of the rules for Bitis Gray, 1842. pp. 77–92 In Hemming, F. (ed.). Opinions and declarations rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Volume 3, part 7. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature: London. 448 pp. BHL Reference page
  • Wallach, V., Williams, K.L. & Boundy, J. 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group: Boca Raton, Florida. 1237 pp. ISBN 9781138034006 Reference page

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Gemeine Puffotter
English: Puff Adder
français: Vipère heurtante
hts: Qhitereka
magyar: Puffogó vipera
Türkçe: Şişen engerek
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Bitis arietans on Wikimedia Commons.