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Townsendia incana


Taxonavigation: Asterales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Astereae
Subtribus: Astranthiinae
Genera: Astranthium – Dichaetophora – Geissolepis – Townsendia


Astranthiinae G.L.Nesom, SIDA 19(2): 263-268. (2000)

  • Type genus: Astranthium Nutt., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. ser. 2, 7: 312. (1840)


  • Nesom, G.L. 2000. New subtribes for North American Astereae (Asteraceae). SIDA, Contributions to Botany 19(2): 263–268. JSTOR BHL Reference page
  • Brouillet, L., Lowrey, T. K., Urbatsch, L. E., Wagstaff, S. J., Karaman-Castro, V., Sancho, G. & Semple, J. C. 2009. Phylogeny and evolution of the Astereae. In: V. A. Funk, A. Susanna, T. Stuessy & R. Bayer (eds), Systematics, Evolution and Biogeography of the Compositae, pp. 449 – 489. IAPT, Vienna. ISBN 978-3-9501754-3-1 Full text PDF from ResearchGate Reference page
  • Panero, J. L., and V. A. Funk. The value of sampling anomalous taxa in phylogenetic studies: major clades of the Asteraceae revealed». Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 2008; 47: 757–782.
  • Judd S.W. et al (2007). Piccin Nuova Libraria, ed. Botanica Sistematica - Un approccio filogenetico. Padova. ISBN 978-88-299-1824-9.
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Astranthiinae on Wikimedia Commons.