Arthopyrenia punctiformis

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Taxonavigation: Dothideomycetes 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Dothideomycetes

Familia: Arthopyreniaceae
Genus: Arthopyrenia
Species: Arthopyrenia punctiformis


Arthopyrenia punctiformis (Pers.) A. Massal., 1852

Substrate and ecology: On bark of various woody plants, including Acer, Jatropha, Quercus, Punica and Rhus

World distribution: Northern temperate or possibly cosmopolitan

Sonoran distribution: One of the most common pyrenocarps in the region collected in California (including the Channel Islands), Arizona, Baja California, Baja California Sur and Sinaloa

  • Verrucaria punctiformis Pers., Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 1: 19 (1794)



Primary references[edit]

  • A. Massal. (1852) Ric. auton. lich. crost.: 166 (1852).

Additional references[edit]

  • Aptroot, A. (2002) Arthopyrenia (pp. 103-106) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages.   **[RLL List # 187 / Rec.# 23029] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Description of Arthopyrenia punctiformis: and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 105)
  • Coppins, B.J. (1992) Arthopyrenia Massal., 1852 (pp. 88-92) In: Purvis, O.W.; Coppins, B.J.; Hawksworth, D.L.; James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   **[RLL List # 151 / Rec.# 15105] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Description of Arthopyrenia punctiformis: p. 91)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Arthopyrenia (pp. 62-63) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp.   **[RLL List # 184 / Rec.# 22402] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Arthopyrenia punctiformis, description, map, diagram of spore, and color photo: p. 63)
  • Harris, R.C. (1973) The corticolous pyrenolichens of the Great Lakes region. - Michigan Bot. 12: 3–68.   **[RLL List # 85 / Rec.# 7789] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Illustration of Arthopyrenia punctiformis: p. 55)
  • Harris, R.C. (1975) A Taxonomic Revision of the Genus Arthopyrenia s. lat. (Ascomycetes) -in North America. Ph.D. Dissertation. East Lansing: Michigan State University, 288 pp. (Illustration of Arthopyrenia punctiformis: p. 223 [as A. padi])
  • Thomson, J.W. (1997) Arthopyrenia Massal. (pp. 48-50) In, American Arctic Lichens: 2. The Microlichens. The University of Wisconsin Press, 675 pages.   **[RLL List # 170 / Rec.# 18517] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Description of Arthopyrenia punctiformis: p. 48; distribution map for the American arctic: p. 49)
  • van Herk, K. and Aptroot, A. (2004) Arthopyrenia A. Massal. (pp. 62-63) In, Veldgids Korstmossen. Koninkliijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging, 423 pages; in Dutch.   **[RLL List # 196 / Rec.# 26085] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Description of Arthopyrenia punctiformis: p. 62; color photo: p. 63)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Arthopyrenia Massal. (pp. 138-142) - Teil 1) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   **[RLL List # 159 / Rec.# 20405] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Description of Arthopyrenia punctiformis: pp. 141-142)


Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]