Arisaema triphyllum

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Arisaema triphyllum

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Alismatales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Alismatales

Familia: Araceae
Subfamilia: Aroideae
Tribus: Arisaemateae
Genus: Arisaema
Species: Arisaema triphyllum

Name[edit]

Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott in H.W.Schott & S.L.Endlicher, 1832

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Arum triphyllum L., Sp. Pl.: 965 (1753).
  • Homotypic
    • Alocasia triphylla (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 64 (1837).
    • Arisaema triphyllum var. typicum Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 200 (1920).
  • Heterotypic
    • Arum atrorubens Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 315 (1789).
    • Arum vittatum Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 260 (1796).
    • Arum triphyllum var. atropurpureum Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 188 (1803).
    • Arum triphyllum var. virens Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 188 (1803).
    • Arum triphyllum var. pallescens Sims, Bot. Mag. 25: t. 950 (1806).
    • Arum triphyllum var. viride Sims, Bot. Mag. 25: t. 950 (1806).
    • Arum triphyllum var. zebrinum Sims, Bot. Mag. 24: t. 950 (1806).
    • Arisaema atrorubens (Aiton) Blume, Rumphia 1: 97 (1836).
    • Arisaema brasilianum Blume, Rumphia 1: 97 (1836).
    • Arisaema hastatum Blume, Rumphia 1: 96 (1836).
    • Alocasia atrorubens (Aiton) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 64 (1837).
    • Alocasia lobata Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 64 (1837).
    • Arum triphyllum var. atrorubens (Aiton) Dewey ex Alph.Wood, Class-book Bot., ed. 2a: 520 (1847).
    • Arisaema quinatum var. obtusoquinatum Alph.Wood, Class-book Bot.: 668 (1861).
    • Arisaema atrorubens var. viride Engl. in A.L.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 2: 535 (1879).
    • Arisaema zebrinum G.Nicholson, Ill. Dict. Gard. 1: 112 (1884).
    • Arisaema triphyllum var. pusillum Peck, Rep. (Annual) Regents Univ. State New York New York State Mus. 51(1): 297 (1899).
    • Arisaema pusillum Nash in N.L.Britton, Man. Fl. N. States: 229 (1901).
    • Arisaema stewardsonii Britton, Man. Fl. N. States: 1045 (1901).
    • Arisaema acuminatum Small, Fl. S.E. U.S.: 226 (1903).
    • Arisaema triphyllum var. stewardsonii (Britton) Stevens, Ill. Guide Fl. Pl.: 110 (1910).
    • Arisaema triphyllum var. acuminatum (Small) Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 201 (1920).
    • Arisaema triphyllum lusus bispadiceum Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 201 (1920).
    • Arisaema triphyllum lusus bispathaceum Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 201 (1920).
    • Arisaema triphyllum f. stewardsonii (Britton) Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 200 (1920).
    • Arisaema triphyllum lusus trispadiceum Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 201 (1920).
    • Arisaema triphyllum var. viride (Engl.) Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 200 (1920).
    • Arisaema triphyllum f. viride (Engl.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 11: 50 (1928).
    • Arisaema deflexum Nieuwl. & K.Just, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 217 (1931).
    • Arisaema pusillum f. pallidum Eames, Rhodora 33: 168 (1931).
    • Arisaema atrorubens f. pusillum (Peck) Fernald, Rhodora 42: 252 (1940).
    • Arisaema atrorubens f. viride (Engl.) Fernald, Rhodora 42: 252 (1940).
    • Arisaema atrorubens f. zebrinum (Sims) Fernald, Rhodora 42: 252 (1940).
    • Arisaema triphyllum var. montanum Fernald, Rhodora 42: 252 (1940).
    • Arisaema triphyllum f. pusillum (Peck) Fernald, Rhodora 42: 252 (1940).
    • Arisaema atrorubens f. pallascens (Sims) Raymond, Contr. Inst. Bot. Univ. Montréal 64: 44 (1949).
    • Arisaema atrorubens var. zebrinum (Sims) Raymond, Contr. Inst. Bot. Univ. Montréal 54: 43 (1949).
    • Arisaema triphyllum subsp. pusillum (Peck) Huttl., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 76: 408 (1949).
    • Arisaema triphyllum subsp. stewardsonii (Britton) Huttl., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 76: 409 (1949).
    • Arisaema triphyllum f. zebrinum (Sims) F.Seym., Fl. New England: 167 (1969).

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Continental: Northern America
      • Alabama; Arkansas; Connecticut; Delaware; District of Columbia; Florida; Georgia; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maine; Manitoba; Maryland; Masachusettes; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Nebraska; New Brunswick; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New York; North Carolina; North Dakota; Nova Scotia; Ohio; Oklahoma; Ontario; Pennsylvania; Prince Edward I.; Qubec; Rhode I.; South Carolina; South Dakota; Tennessee; Texas; Vermont; Virginia; West Virginia; Wisconsin

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

  • USDA, NRCS. 2006. The PLANTS Database, 6 March 2006 (http://plants.usda.gov). Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
  • Schott, H.W. , 1832 in H. Schott & S. L. Endlicher, Melet. Bot. 17.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Jack-in-the Pulpit
polski: arizema trójlistkowa
For more multimedia, look at Arisaema triphyllum on Wikimedia Commons.