Alkanna tinctoria

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Alkanna tinctoria

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Boraginales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Boraginales

Familia: Boraginaceae
Subfamilia: Boraginoideae
Tribus: Lithospermeae
Genus: Alkanna
Sectio: A. sect. Alkanna
Species: Alkanna tinctoria
Subspecies: A. t. subsp. anatolica – A. t. subsp. subleiocarpa – A. t. subsp. tinctoria – A. t. subsp. tripolitana

Name[edit]

Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Tausch, Flora 7: 234 (1824).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Anchusa tinctoria (L.) L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 192. 1762. (cited basionym for Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Tausch)
    • Lithospermum tinctorium L., Sp. Pl. 1: 132. 1753. (basionym for Anchusa tinctoria (L.) L., replaced synonym for Alkanna matthioli Tausch)
      • Lectotypus (designated by F.Selvi, Güner & Duman, Taxon 53(3): 802 (2004): [icon]: “Anchusa monspeliana” in Bauhin & Cherler, Hist. Pl. 3: 584. 1651. Epitype (designated by F.Selvi, l.c.): [France], Montpellier, May 1861, Watson-Taylor 465 (FI).
  • Homotypic
    • Alkanna tinctoria (L.) DC., Prodr. 10: 99. 1846, nom. illeg. non Tausch (1824).
    • Alkanna matthioli Tausch, Flora 7: 235. 1824.
    • Baphorhiza tinctoria (L.) Link, Handbuch 1: 578. 1829.
    • Buglossum tinctorium (L.) Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 278. 1779.
    • Onochiles tinctoria (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 491. 1897.
    • Rhytispermum tinctorium (L.) Link, Handbuch 1: 579. 1829.
  • Heterotypic
    • Alkanna bracteolata Greuter, Exsicc. Genav. 3: 38. 1972, nom. nov.
      • Anchusa tuberculata Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 40. 1775.
      • Alkanna tuberculata (Forssk.) Meikle, Kew Bull. 34(4): 823. 1980, nom. illeg. non Greuter (1972).
    • Alkanna tinctoria subsp. glandulosa Hub.-Mor., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35(3): 298. 1977.
    • Alkanna tuberculata Greuter, Exsicc. Genav. 3: 38. 1972, nom. nov.
      • Anchusa bracteolata Viv., Fl. Libyc. Spec. 10, tab. 4. 1824.
    • Anchusa rhizochroa Viv., Pl. Aegypt. Dec. n. 20. 1830.
    • Lithospermum lehmanii Tineo in Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 791. 1845.
      • Alkanna lehmannii (Tineo) A.DC., Prodr. (DC.) 10: 588. 1846.
      • Alkanna tinctoria subsp. lehmannii (Tineo) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. : 517. 1881.
    • Lycopsis cyrenaica Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 1: 556. 1825, nom. illeg.
    • Alkanna arietinella Hub.-Mor. & Reese, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 52: 50 (1943).
    • Lithospermum commutatum Bianca, Atti Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania, ser. 2, 1: 292 (1844).
    • Lithospermum obtusum Vis. in G.F.Spongia, Comment. Med. 2: 194 (1836).
    • Nonea vesicaria Willk., Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 164 (1893).
    • Nonea violacea Aucher ex A.DC. in: De Candolle, Prodr. 10: 100 (1846).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Czechoslovakia (Slovakia), Hungary.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia (Sicily), Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia)
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Krym (introduced), Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon, Syria), Palestine (Israel, Jordan), Sinai, Turkey, .

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: كحلاء مصبوغة
azərbaycanca: Boyaq alkannası
български: Синя айважива
čeština: Alcanna
Deutsch: Schminkwurz
English: alkanet, dyer's bugloss, dyer's alkanet
español: palomilla de tintes
français: Orcanette des teinturiers
עברית: אלקנת הצבעים
हिन्दी: रतनजोत
magyar: Homoki báránypirosító
қазақша: Бояулы алканна
kurdî: Giyacîwa
polski: Alkanna barwierska
русский: Алканна красильная
Türkçe: Havacıva
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Alkanna tinctoria on Wikimedia Commons.