Adiantum capillus-veneris

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Adiantum capillus-veneris, Parco dei Nebrodi, Sicily, Italy

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Polypodiales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pteridophyta
Classis: Polypodiopsida
Ordo: Polypodiales

Familia: Pteridaceae
Subfamilia: Vittarioideae
Genus: Adiantum
Species: Adiantum capillus-veneris

Name[edit]

Adiantum capillus-veneris L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1096 (1753).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
  • Heterotypic
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris f. cristatum Moxley, Amer. Fern J. 9: 27 (1919).
    • Adiantum tenerum var. dissectum M.Martens & Galeotti, Mém. Foug. Mexique 71 (1842).
      • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. dissectum (M.Martens & Galeotti) T.Moore, Index Fil. 21. 1857.
      • Adiantum capillus-veneris f. dissectum (M.Martens & Galeotti) Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 6: 344 (1957).
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. dissectum B.K.Nayar, Bull. Nation. Bot. Gard. (Lucknow) 52 (1): 37 (1962).
      • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. dissectum (B.K.Nayar) Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 6: 344 (1957)
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. fissum Christ, Monsunia 1: 66 (1900).
      • Adiantum capillus-veneris f. fissum (Christ) Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 6: 343 (1957).
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. incisum T.Moore, Nature Printed Ferns pl. 45 (1855).
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. laciniatum Christ ex Tardieu & C.Chr., Fl. Indo-Chine 7(2): 185–186 (1940).
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris f. lanyuanum W.C.Shieh, Quart. J. Chin. Forest. 2(1): 165 (1968) (accepted by Hassler, WorldPlants).
    • Adiantum modestum Underw., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 46 (1901).
      • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. modestum (Underw.) Fernald, Rhodora 52: 206 (1950).
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. protrusum Fernald, Rhodora 52: 203 (1950).
    • Adiantum rimicola Sloss., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 41(5): 308–309, pl. 7, f. 1 308 (1914).
      • Adiantum capillus-veneris f. rimicola (Sloss.) Fernald, Rhodora 52: 208 (1950).
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. sinuatum Christ, Soc. Bot. France 1: 62 (1905).
    • Adiantum trifidum Willd. ex Bolle, Bonpl., 3. 121 (1855).
      • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. trifidum (Willd. ex Bolle) Milde,f. Eur.: 30 (1867).
      • Adiantum capillus-veneris subsp. trifidum (Willd. ex Bolle) Rivas Mart., Lousã, J.C.Costa & Maria C.Duarte, Int. J. Geobot. Res. 7: 21 (2017).
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. trifidum Christ, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 11: 224 (1902), nom. illeg.
    • Adiantum formosum var. leptophyllum Domin, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 551 (1911).
    • Adiantum marginatum Schrad., Gött. Gel. Anz. 1818: 918 (1818).
    • Adiantum michelii Christ, Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot., sér. 3, 20: 12 (1910).
    • Adiantum paradiseae Baker, Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 6: 558 (1889).
    • Adiantum pseudocapillus Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic.: 118 (1852).
    • Adiantum remyanum Espinosa, Bol. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat., Santiago de Chile 15: 96, pl. 3, pl. 5, g, h (1936).
    • Adiantum schaffneri E.Fourn., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 27: 328 (1880).
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. kenyense Chiov., Lav. Ist. Bot. Univ. Modena 6: 146 (1935)
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. pinnata Bonap., Notes Ptérid. 4: 78 (1917).
    • Adiantum coriandrifolium Bernh., J. Bot. (Schrader) 1799(1): 315 (1799), nom. illeg.
    • Adiantum emarginatum Bory ex Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 5: 449 (1810).
    • Adiantum formosum J.Rémy ex Gay, Hist. Fis. Pol. Chile Bot. 6: 487 (1853) (non R.Br., nec A.Cunn.)
    • Adiantum fumarioides Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 5: 452 (1810).
    • Adiantum lingii Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 6: 341 (1957).
    • Adiantum maderense Lowe, J. Bot. (Hooker) 1: 26 (1834), nom. inval. anglice, pro syn. [?]
    • Adiantum moritzianum Link,f. Spec.: 71 (1841).
    • Adiantum pubescens var. divaricatum Brack., U.S. Expl. Exped., Filic. 16: 99 (1854).
    • Adiantum repandum Tausch in {aut|Sieber}}, Syn.f. exs. n. 176 (1827)
    • Adiantum visianii Schloss. & Vuk., Fl. Croat.: 1319 (1869
    • Adiantum capillus-veneris var. grande Pynaert, Nursery Cat. (Éd. Pynaert - Van Geert) 1890(Suppl.): 4 (1890).
    • Adiantum diaphanum var. affine (Willd.) Alderw., Malayan Ferns (1908).
    • Adiantum subemarginatum Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 3: 511 (1903).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Great Britain, Ireland.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Belgium, Germany, Netherlands (introduced), Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Hercegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Northern Macedonia, Slovienia).
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Krym.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores (Santa Maria, Sao Miguel, Terceira, Faial, Flores), Canary Islands (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma), Cape Verde (Santo Antao, Sao Vicente, Sao Nicolau, Sao Tiago, Fogo, Brava), Madeira (Madeira, Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo).
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Niger.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Zaire.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan.
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Botswana, Cape Provinces, Lesotho, Namibia, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Swaziland.
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Comoros, Mauritius, Madagascar, Réunion, Rodrigues.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgiztan, Tadzhikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Gruziya).
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon, Syria), Palestine (Israel), Sinai, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Gulf States (Bahrain, United Emirates), Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, China North-Central, China Southeast, Tibet.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto, Taiwan.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya (Bhutan), India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Philippines.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia.
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa, Tonga.
    • Regional: South-Central Pacific
      • Society Islands, Tubuai Islands.
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • British Columbia.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Missouri, Oklahoma, South Dakota.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • New York, Ohio.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico, Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central (Mexico State, Morelos, Puebla, Tlaxcala), Mexico Northeast (Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas), Mexico Gulf (Veracruz), Mexico Northwest (Baja California Sur, Sinaloa, Sonora), Mexico Southwest (Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca), Mexico Southeast (Chiapas).
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Belize, Guatemala, Honduras.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bahamas, Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Islands (St. Lucia, St. Vincent).
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • Venezuela.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil North, Brazil South.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Chile Central, Chile North.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

беларуская: Адыянтум венерын волас
български: Венерин косъм
català: Capil·lera
Deutsch: Frauenhaarfarn
English: Maidenhair Fern
suomi: Neidonadiantumi, neidonhiussaniainen
français: Capillaire de Montpellier
עברית: שערות שולמית מצויות
italiano: Capelvenere
Nederlands: Echt venushaar
polski: Niekropień właściwy
Piemontèis: Capiler
русский: Венерин волос
sardu: Fartzia, Filigheddu
српски / srpski: Венерина влас
lea faka-Tonga: ʻUluʻitāupoʻou
українська: Адіант венерин волос
For more multimedia, look at Adiantum capillus-veneris on Wikimedia Commons.