Acrostichum aureum

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Acrostichum aureum

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Polypodiales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pteridophyta
Classis: Polypodiopsida
Ordo: Polypodiales

Familia: Pteridaceae
Subfamilia: Parkerioideae
Genus: Acrostichum
Species: Acrostichum aureum

Name[edit]

Acrostichum aureum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1069 (1753).


Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Chrysodium aureum (L.) Mett., Fil. Hort. Bot. Lips. 21 (1856).
  • Heterotypic
    • Asplenium arifolium Burm.f., Fl. Ind. 231 (1768).
      • Hemionitis arifolia (Burm.f.) T.Moore, Index Fil. 114 (1859).
      • Gymnogramma arifolia (Burm.f.) Kuhn, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 4: 283 (1869).
      • Parahemionitis arifolia (Burm.f.) Panigrahi, Abstr. & Souv. Nation. Symp. Curr. Trends Pterid. 4-6 October 1991 13 (1991), comb. inval.
      • Parahemionitis arifolia (Burm.f.) Panigrahi, Indian Fern J. 9(1-2): 244 (1993) [1992 publ. 1993].
      • Parahemionitis arifolia (Burm.f.) Panigrahi, Amer. Fern J. 83(3): 90 (1993), comb. illeg.
    • Chrysodium cayennense Fée, Mém. Foug., 2. Hist. Acrostich.: 100, t. 59 (1845).
      • Acrostichum cayennense C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epimel. Bot.): 181 (1851).
    • Acrostichum crassifolium Wall. ex C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 241 (1836).
    • Polystichum dissimulans Maxon, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 13, 31, t. 4 A (1909).
    • Aspidium emarginatum Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 5: 235 (1810).
      • Acrostichum emarginatum Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 480, t. 27 (1844).
      • Polystichum emarginatum (Willd.) T.Moore, Index Fil. 91 (1858).
    • Chrysodium fasciculatum E.Fourn., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 5 18: 272 (1873).
      • Acrostichum fasciculatum (E.Fourn.) C.Chr., Index Fil. 9 (1905).
    • Acrostichum formosum C.Presl, Delic. Prag. 1: 160 (1822).
    • Acrostichum guineense Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 305 (1919).
    • Chrysodium hirsutum Fée, Mém. Foug., 2. Hist. Acrostich.: 99, t. 62, f. 2 (1845).
      • Acrostichum aureum var. hirsutum (Fée) T.Moore, Index Fil. 6 (1857).
    • Acrostichum inaequale Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 6: 117 (1810).
      • Chrysodium inaequale (Willd.) Fée, Mém. Foug., 2. Hist. Acrostich.: 100 (1845).
    • Acrostichum juglandifolium Kaulf., Enum. Filic. 65 (1824).
    • Acrostichum marginatum Schkuhr, Kr. Gew. 1: 185, t. 3 b (1809).
      • Acrostichum aureum var. marginatum (Schkuhr) T.Moore, Index Fil. 6 (1857).
    • Acrostichum obliquum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 101 (1828).
    • Acrostichum rigens C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epimel. Bot.): 180 (1851).
    • Chrysodium scalpturatum Fée, Mém. Foug., 2. Hist. Acrostich.: 100, t. 61 (1845).
      • Acrostichum scalpturatum C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epimel. Bot.): 181 (1851).
    • Chrysodium speciosum Fée, Mém. Foug., 2. Hist. Acrostich.: 101 (1845)..
    • Acrostichum spectabile Zoll., Syst. Verz. 33 (1854).
    • Chrysodium urvillei Fée, Mém. Foug., 2. Hist. Acrostich.: 100, t. 60 (1845).
      • Acrostichum urvillei C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epimel. Bot.): 181 (1851).
      • Acrostichum aureum var. urvillei (C.Presl) T.Moore, Index Filic. 3 (1857).
    • Chrysodium vulgare Fée, Mém. Foug., 2. Hist. Acrostich.: 97 (1845)..
    • Acrostichum wightianum C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 241 (1836).

Homonyms[edit]


Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Benin, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Niger, Senegal, Sierra Leone.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands (Annobón, Bioko, Príncipe, São Tomé).
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Tanzania.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape), KwaZulu-Natal.
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Comoros, Mauritius, Mozambique Channel Islands, Madagascar, Réunion.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central (Yunnan), Hainan, China Southeast (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong Kong).
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Nansei-shoto, Taiwan
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, India (Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal), Sri Lanka.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore), Philippines, Sulawesi.
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea), Solomon Islands (North Solomons, South Solomons).
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • Northern Territory, Queensland.
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • Fiji, Niue, New Caledonia, Samoa (American Samoa, Western Samoa), Tonga, Wallis-Futuna Islands.
    • Regional: South-Central Pacific
      • Society Islands, Tubuai Islands.
    • Regional: Northwestern Pacific
      • Caroline Islands (Micronesia Federated States, Palau), Marianas (Guam, Northern Marianas).
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Florida.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Gulf (Veracruz), Mexico Northeast (Tamaulipas), Mexico Southeast (Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Yucatán), Mexico Southwest (Guerrero, Nayarit, Oaxaca).
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Belize, Costa Rica, Central American Pacific Islands (Cocos Island), El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands (Guadeloupe, Virgin Islands), Puerto Rico, Turks-Caicos Islands, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Islands (Barbados, Grenada, Martinique, St. Lucia).
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Colombia, Ecuador, Galápagos, Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil Northeast (Bahia, Ceará, Pernambuco), Brazil South (Santa Catarina), Brazil Southeast (Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Acrostichum aureum on Wikimedia Commons.