Abies alba

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Abies alba, Pyrenees-Orientales, France
Abies alba strobili; Poland

Taxonavigation[правіць]

Taxonavigation: Pinales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pinophyta
Classis: Pinopsida
Ordo: Pinales

Familia: Pinaceae
Genus: Abies
Sectio: A. sect. Abies
Species: Abies alba

Name[правіць]

Abies alba Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8: Abies no. 1 (1768),

Synonyms[правіць]

  • Replaced synonym
    • Pinus picea L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1001 (1753).
  • Homotypic
    • Abies picea (L.) Lindl., Penny Cyclop. 1: 29 (1833), nom. illeg., non Mill. (1768)
    • Pinus alba (Mill.) Münchh., Hausvater 5 (1): 222 (1770)
  • Heterotypic
    • Abies taxifolia Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Arbust. 1: 3 (1755), opus utique oppr.
    • Pinus abies Du Roi, Diss. Inaug. Obs. Bot.: 39 (1771), nom. illeg., non L. (1753)
    • Pinus pectinata Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 202 (1779).
      • Abies pectinata (Lam.) DC. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck & A.P.de Candolle, Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 3: 276 (1805), nom. illeg., non Gilib. (1792)
      • Picea pectinata (Lam.) Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2329 (1838).
      • Pinus abies var. pectinata (Lam.) Christ, Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 3: 542 (1863).
    • Abies minor Gilib., Exerc. Phyt. 2: 412 (1792), opus utique oppr.
    • Pinus lucida Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 399 (1796).
    • Abies vulgaris Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 6: 514 (1804).
    • Pinus baldensis Zuccagni, Cent. Observ. Pl. 1: 46 (1806).
      • Abies baldensis (Zuccagni) Zucc. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 674 (1881).
    • Abies taxifolia Desf., Hort. Par. 3: 356 (1809).
    • Peuce abies Rich., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 16: 298 (1810).
    • Abies nobilis A.Dietr., Fl. Berlin 2: 793 (1824).
    • Abies excelsa Link, Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1827: 182 (1827), nom. illeg.
    • Abies taxifolia Raf., New Fl. 1: 38 (1836).
    • Abies argentea Chambray, Traité Prat. Arbr. Résin. Conif.: 17 (1845).
    • Abies candicans Fisch. ex Endl., Syn. Conif.: 96 (1847).
    • Pinus heterophylla K.Koch, Linnaea 22: 295 (1849).
    • Picea excelsa Wender., Pfl. Bot. Gärt. 1(Conif.): 11 (1851), nom. illeg.
    • Picea kukunaria Wender., Pfl. Bot. Gärt.: 11 (1851).
    • Picea metensis Gordon, Pinetum: 152 (1858).
    • Picea rinzi Gordon & Glend., Pinetum: 152 (1858), pro syn.
    • Abies rinzii K.Koch, Dendrologie 2(2): 218 (1873).
    • Abies metensis Gordon & Glend., Pinetum, ed. 2: 211 (1875).
    • Abies miniata Knight ex Gordon, Pinetum, ed. 2: 8 (1875).
    • Abies chlorocarpa Purk. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 674 (1881).
    • Picea tenuifolia Beissn., Handb. Nadelholzk.: 433 (1891).
    • Abies abies Rusby, Bull. Pharm. (Paris), reimpr.: 16 (1892), nom. inval.
    • Abies alba var. podolica R.I.Schröd., Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 1899: 121 (1899).
    • Abies tenuirifolia Beissn., Handb. Nadelholzk.: 121 (1909).
    • Abies duplex Hormuz. ex Beissn., Handb. Nadelholzk., ed. 3: 110 (1930).
    • Abies alba subsp. apennina Brullo, Scelsi & Spamp., Veg. Aspromonte: 41 (2001).
    • Abies alba var. glauca Gordon, Pinetum: 3 (1855).
    • Abies pectinata var. pendula Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif.: 207 (1855).
    • Abies pectinata var. pyramidalis Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif.: 207 (1855).
    • Picea pectinata var. pendula (Carrière) Godefroy ex Gordon & Glend., Pinetum: 153 (1858).
    • Abies pectinata var. columnaris Carrière, Rev. Hort. (Paris), sér. 4, 8: 39 (1859).
    • Picea pyramidalis Gordon, Pinetum, Suppl.: 49 (1862).
    • Abies pectinata var. pendula-gracilis Sénécl., Conifères: 14 (1868).
    • Abies alba var. aurea auct., Garden (London 1871-1927) 5: 231 (1874).
    • Abies alba compacta Parsons, Cat. 1887: 65 (1887).
    • Abies pectinata f. pendula (Carrière) Conw., Abh. Landesk. Prov. Westpreussen 9: 161 (1895).
    • Abies alba f. pyramidalis (Carrière) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1237 (1896).
    • Abies alba lusus pendula (Carrière) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 191 (1897).
    • Abies alba var. columnaris (Carrière) C.K.Schneid. in E.E.Silva Tarouca, Uns. Freil.-Nadelhölzer: 151 (1913).
    • Pinus picea f. columnaris (Carrière) Voss in K.Putlitz & L.Meyer, Landlexikon 4: 774 (1913).
    • Pinus picea f. pendula (Carrière) Voss in K.Putlitz & L.Meyer, Landlexikon 4: 774 (1913).
    • Pinus picea f. pyramidalis (Carrière) Voss in K.Putlitz & L.Meyer, Landlexikon 4: 774 (1913).
    • Abies alba f. columnaris (Carrière) Rehder, J. Arnold Arbor. 1: 55 (1919).
    • Abies alba var. brevifolia Mattf., Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 1925: 22 (1925).
    • Abies alba f. compacta (Parsons) Rehder, J. Arnold Arbor. 6: 204 (1925).
    • Abies alba var. compacta (Parsons) Rehder, Man. Cult. Trees: 34 (1927).
    • Abies alba f. pendula (Carrière) Rehder, Bibl. Cult. Trees: 11 (1949).
    • Abies pardei Gaussen, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 57: 358 (1928 publ. 1929).
    • Abies pardei subsp. pancicii Rac & Lovric, Simpoz. Proucavanje Biljnog Zivotinjskog Sveta sa Aspekta Problema Zaštite i Unapredenja Zivotne Sredine Kragujevac: 80 (1988).
    • Abies alba var. pardei (Gaussen) Silba, Phytologia 68: 9 (1990).
    • Abies alba subsp. pardei (Gaussen) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 15: 36 (2008).

Distribution[правіць]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden (introduced).
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium (introduced), Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Corse, France, Portugal (introduced), Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Ukraine.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[правіць]

Primary references[правіць]

Links[правіць]

Vernacular names[правіць]

Alemannisch: Weisstanne
aragonés: Abet común
العربية: شوح أبيض
azərbaycanca: Avropa ağ şamı
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Піхта белая
беларуская: Піхта белая
български: Обикновена ела
català: Avet blanc
corsu: Ghjaddicu
kaszëbsczi: Zwëczajnô jedlëna
čeština: Jedle bělokorá
dansk: Almindelig Ædelgran
Deutsch: Weiß-Tanne
dolnoserbski: Běła jedła
Ελληνικά: Λευκή ελάτη
English: European Silver Fir
Esperanto: Blanka abio
español: Abeto blanco
eesti: Euroopa nulg
euskara: Izei zuri
فارسی: نراد نقره‌ای
suomi: Saksanpihta
arpetan: Vârnyo
français: Sapin blanc
Gaeilge: Giúis gheal
galego: Abeto branco
hrvatski: Obična jela
hornjoserbsce: Běła jědla
magyar: Közönséges jegenyefenyő
íslenska: Evrópuþinur
italiano: Abete bianco
日本語: ヨーロッパモミ
Перем Коми: Чочком ньыв
Кыргызча: Аккарагай
lietuvių: Europinis kėnis
македонски: Сребрена ела
Nederlands: Gewone Zilverspar
norsk: Vanlig Edelgran
occitan: Avet blanc
polski: Jodła pospolita
română: Brad argintiu
русский: Пихта белая
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jela
slovenčina: Jedľa biela
slovenščina: Bela jelka
shqip: Bredhi i bardhë
српски / srpski: Европска јела
svenska: Silvergran
Türkçe: Orta Avrupa göknarı
удмурт: Тӧдьы ньылпу
українська: Ялиця біла
vèneto: Tana
ייִדיש: ווײַסיאָדלע
中文: 銀冷杉
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Abies alba on Wikimedia Commons. (en) – (Please translate this into беларуская.)