Viola mirabilis

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Viola mirabilis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Malpighiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Subgenus: V. subg. Viola
Sectio: V. sect. Viola
Subsectio: V. subsect. Rostratae
Species: Viola mirabilis

Name[edit]

Viola mirabilis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 936. 1753.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Viola apetala Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 2: 124. 1782.
    • Viola brachysepala Maxim., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 9: 50. 1859.
      • Viola mirabilis var. brachysepala (Maxim.) Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 4: 450. 1861.
      • Viola mirabilis subsp. brachysepala (Maxim.) Vorosch. in A.K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 182. 1985.
    • Viola mirabilis var. brevicalcarata Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 9. 1919.
    • Viola mirabilis var. glaberrima W.Becker, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 34(2): 237. 1916.
    • Viola mirabilis var. kusnetzoffii Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 4: 450. 1861.
    • Viola mirabilis f. latisepala W.Becker, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 34(2): 236. 1916.
    • Viola mirabilis var. platysepala Kitag., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 48(566): 103. 1934.
    • Viola mirabilis f. seiichii E.Hama,  J. Jap. Bot., 51(11): 339. 1976.
    • Viola mirabilis f. strigosa W.Becker, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 34(2): 236. 1916.
    • Viola mirabilis var. subglabra Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 251. 1842.
      • Viola mirabilis subsp. subglabra (Ledeb.) Zuev, Fl. Sibir. (Geraniac.–Cornac.), 10: 87. 1996.
      • Viola subglabra (Ledeb.) Baikov ex A.V.Grebenjuk & Chepinoga, Konspekt Fl. Irkutsk. Obl. 182. 2008.
    • Viola mirabilis var. vulgaris Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 251. 1842.

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria Belgium, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic, Slovakia), Germany, Hungary, Poland, Switzerland
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Italy, Romania, Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia)
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania), Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, West Siberia.
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus (Gruziya)
    • Regional: China
      • Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol), Manchuria (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning), China North-Central (Gansu, Hebei (doubtful)).
    • Regional: Mongolia
      • Mongolia.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan (Honshu), Korea (North Korea).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Links[edit]

  • The Plant List 2013. Viola mirabilis in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Oct. 09.
  • Tropicos.org 2017. Viola mirabilis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Oct. O9.
  • Hassler, M. 2019. Viola mirabilis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World (version Mar. 2018). In: Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jun 17.
  • Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Viola mirabilis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jun 17.

Vernacular names[edit]

беларуская: Фіялка дзіўная
čeština: Violka divotvárná
Deutsch: Wunder-Veilchen
eesti: Imekannike
English: Wonder Violet
français: Violette admirable
polski: Fiołek przedziwny
davvisámegiella: Imašviola
suomi: Lehto-orvokki
svenska: Underviol
中文: 美丽堇菜
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Viola mirabilis on Wikimedia Commons.