Viola mirabilis

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Viola mirabilis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Malpighiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Subgenus: V. subg. Viola
Sectio: V. sect. Viola
Subsectio: V. subsect. Rostratae
Species: Viola mirabilis

Name[edit]

Viola mirabilis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 936. 1753.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Viola apetala Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 2: 124. 1782.
    • Viola brachysepala Maxim., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 9: 50. 1859.
      • Viola mirabilis var. brachysepala (Maxim.) Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 4: 450. 1861.
      • Viola mirabilis subsp. brachysepala (Maxim.) Vorosch. in A.K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 182. 1985.
    • Viola mirabilis var. brevicalcarata Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33: 9. 1919.
    • Viola mirabilis var. glaberrima W.Becker, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 34(2): 237. 1916.
    • Viola mirabilis var. kusnetzoffii Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 4: 450. 1861.
    • Viola mirabilis f. latisepala W.Becker, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 34(2): 236. 1916.
    • Viola mirabilis var. platysepala Kitag., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 48(566): 103. 1934.
    • Viola mirabilis f. seiichii E.Hama,  J. Jap. Bot., 51(11): 339. 1976.
    • Viola mirabilis f. strigosa W.Becker, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 34(2): 236. 1916.
    • Viola mirabilis var. subglabra Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 251. 1842.
      • Viola mirabilis subsp. subglabra (Ledeb.) Zuev, Fl. Sibir. (Geraniac.–Cornac.), 10: 87. 1996.
      • Viola subglabra (Ledeb.) Baikov ex A.V.Grebenjuk & Chepinoga, Konspekt Fl. Irkutsk. Obl. 182. 2008.
    • Viola mirabilis var. vulgaris Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 251. 1842.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria Belgium, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic, Slovakia), Germany, Hungary, Poland, Switzerland
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Italy, Romania, Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia)
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania), Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, West Siberia.
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus (Gruziya)
    • Regional: China
      • Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol), Manchuria (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning), China North-Central (Gansu, Hebei (doubtful)).
    • Regional: Mongolia
      • Mongolia.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan (Honshu), Korea (North Korea).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

беларуская: Фіялка дзіўная
čeština: Violka divotvárná
Deutsch: Wunder-Veilchen
English: Wonder Violet
eesti: Imekannike
suomi: Lehto-orvokki
français: Violette admirable
polski: Fiołek przedziwny
davvisámegiella: Imašviola
svenska: Underviol
中文: 美丽堇菜
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Viola mirabilis on Wikimedia Commons.