Viola adunca

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Viola adunca


Taxonavigation: Malpighiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Subgenus: V. subg. Viola
Sectio: V. sect. Viola
Subsectio: V. subsect. Rostratae
Species: Viola adunca
Varietates: Viola adunca var. minorViola adunca var. uncinulata
Forma: Viola adunca f. masonii


Viola adunca Sm.


  • Lophion aduncum (Sm.) Nieuwl. & Lunell
  • Lophion aduncum var. glabrum (Brainerd) Nieuwl. & Lunell
  • Viola adunca var. adunca
  • Viola adunca subsp. adunca
  • Viola adunca f. adunca
  • Viola adunca var. bellidifolia (Greene) H.D. Harr.
  • Viola adunca f. glabra (Brainerd) G.N. Jones
  • Viola adunca var. glabra Brainerd
  • Viola adunca var. longipes (Nutt.) Rydb.
  • Viola adunca subsp. oxyceras (S. Watson) Piper
  • Viola adunca var. oxyceras (S. Watson) Jeps.
  • Viola bellidifolia Greene
  • Viola bellidifolia subsp. valida M.S. Baker
  • Viola canina var. adunca (Sm.) A. Gray
  • Viola canina var. longipes (Nutt.) S. Watson
  • Viola canina var. oxyceras S. Watson
  • Viola clarkiae A. Nelson
  • Viola cordulata Greene
  • Viola demissa Greene
  • Viola desertorum Greene
  • Viola longipes Nutt.
  • Viola mamillata Greene
  • Viola montanensis Rydb.
  • Viola odontophora Rydb.
  • Viola oxyceras (S. Watson) Greene
  • Viola oxysepala Greene
  • Viola retroscabra Greene
  • Viola silvatica var. adunca Kurtz
  • Viola tidestromii Greene


It is native to meadows and forests of western North America, Canada, and the northern contiguous United States.


  • Life cycle: Perennial
  • Flowering time: April-August


  • A. Rees, Cycl. 37: Viola n. 63. 1817


Vernacular names[edit]

English: hooked-spur violet, western dog violet
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Viola adunca on Wikimedia Commons.