Varanus niloticus

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Varanus niloticus


Taxonavigation: Paleoanguimorpha 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Cladus: Unidentata, Episquamata
Cladus: Toxicofera
Subordo: Anguimorpha
Infraordo: Paleoanguimorpha

Superfamilia: Varanoidea
Familia: Varanidae
Genus: Varanus
Subgenus: Varanus (Polydaedalus)
Species: Varanus (Polydaedalus) niloticus



Varanus niloticus (Linnaeus, 1766)

  • Syntypes: NRM 119 and possibly NRM 9185.
  • Type locality: “Aegypto”.


  • Lacerta nilotica Linnaeus, 1758: 369 [original combination]
  • Varanus niloticusFitzinger, 1826: 50 [subsequent combination]


  • Lacerta monitor Linnaeus, 1758: 201 [suppressed by Opinion 540 (1959: 79)]
    • Type material: unknown.
    • Type locality: “Indiis”.
    • Placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Specific Names in Zoology by Opinion 540 (1959: 79).



Primary references

  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio Decima, Reformata. Tomus I. Holmiæ (Stockholm): impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. 824 pp. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542 BHL Reference page
  • Linnaeus, C. 1766. Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae. 12th ed. v. 1 (pt 1): 1–532. BHL Reference page
  • International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1959. Opinion 540. Protection under the plenary power of the specific names bengalensis Daudin, [1802], as published in the combination Tupinambis bengalensis, and salvator Laurenti 1768, as published in the combination Stellio salvator. pp. 77–86 In Hemming, F. (Ed.). Opinions and Declarations of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Volume 20. Part 7. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature: London. BHL Reference page

Additional references


Vernacular names

Deutsch: Nilwaran
English: Nile Monitor
español: Varano del Nilo
français: Varan du Nil
日本語: ナイルオオトカゲ
lietuvių: Nilo varanas
Nederlands: Nijlvaraan
polski: Waran nilowy
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Varanus niloticus on Wikimedia Commons.