Valeriana officinalis

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Valeriana officinalis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Dipsacales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Dipsacales

Familia: Caprifoliaceae
Subfamilia: Valerianoideae
Genus: Valeriana
Species: Valeriana officinalis

Name[edit]

Valeriana officinalis L., 1753.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Astrephia chinensis Dufr.
  • Valeriana alternifolia Bunge
  • Valeriana alternifolia var. angustifolia (Kom.) S. H. Li
  • Valeriana alternifolia f. angustifolia (Komarov) M. Kitag.
  • Valeriana alternifolia subsp. pseudocoreana V. N. Voroshilov
  • Valeriana alternifolia subsp. stubendorfiana (Sumn.) V. N. Voroshilov
  • Valeriana alternifolia subsp. stubendorfii (Kreyer ex Kom.) V. N. Voroshilov
  • Valeriana alternifolia f. verticillata (Kom.) S. X. Li
  • Valeriana altissima Bess.
  • Valeriana angustifolia Tausch ex Host
  • Valeriana baltica Pleijel
  • Valeriana chinensis Kreyer ex Kom.
  • Valeriana coreana Briquet
  • Valeriana coreana subsp. badzhalensis V. N. Voroshilov
  • Valeriana coreana subsp. leiocarpa (Kitag.) V. N. Voroshilov
  • Valeriana coreana subsp. pseudoumbrosa (Vorosch.) V. N. Voroshilov
  • Valeriana coreana subsp. sachalinensis (Hara) V. N. Voroshilov
  • Valeriana divaricata Hinter
  • Valeriana exaltata J. C. Mikan ex Pohl
  • Valeriana fauriei Briq.
  • Valeriana fauriei subsp. badzhalensis (Vorosch.) V. N. Voroshilov
  • Valeriana fauriei f. coreana (Briq.) H. Hara
  • Valeriana fauriei var. dasycarpa H. Hara
  • Valeriana fauriei var. leiocarpa (M. Kitag.) M. Kitag.
  • Valeriana fauriei subsp. sachalinensis (Hara) V. N. Voroshilov
  • Valeriana jacutica Sumn.
  • Valeriana leiocarpa Kitag.
  • Valeriana lucida Hort. Par. ex DC.
  • Valeriana major Pall.
  • Valeriana multiceps Wallr.
  • Valeriana nipponica Nakai ex Kitag.
  • Valeriana officinalis var. alternifolia Ledeb.
  • Valeriana officinalis var. altissima W. D. J. Koch
  • Valeriana officinalis var. angustifolia Hayne
  • Valeriana officinalis subsp. baltica (Pleijel) A. & D. Löve
  • Valeriana officinalis subsp. dunensis P. D. Sell
  • Valeriana officinalis var. exaltata (Mikan fil. ex Pohl) Kostel.
  • Valeriana officinalis subsp. exaltata (Mikan fil.) Soó
  • Valeriana officinalis var. latifolia Miq.
  • Valeriana officinalis var. latifolia Vahl
  • Valeriana officinalis var. sarkanyi Soo
  • Valeriana officinalis var. simplicifolia Ledeb.
  • Valeriana palustris Kreyer
  • Valeriana pinnata Gilib.
  • Valeriana pseudofficinalis C. Y. Cheng & H. B. Chen
  • Valeriana pseudoumbrosa Vorosh.
  • Valeriana pulchra Nakai
  • Valeriana sambucifolia Eichw.
  • Valeriana sambucifolia var. dasycarpa (Hara) H. Hara
  • Valeriana sambucifolia var. fauriei (Briq.) H. Hara
  • Valeriana sambucifolia var. sachalinensis Hara
  • Valeriana sinensis J. F. Gmel.
  • Valeriana stubendorfiana Sumnev.
  • Valeriana stubendorfii Kreyer ex Kom.
  • Valeriana stubendorfii f. angustifolia Kom.
  • Valeriana stubendorfii f. verticillata Kom.
  • Valeriana sylvestris Garsault.
  • Valeriana sylvestris Groschke
  • Valeriana tenuissima Schur
  • Valeriana tianschanica Kreyer ex Hand.-Mazz.
  • Valeriana vulgaris Bub.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe'
      • E-Europe, SE- & EC-Europe, extending to S-Sweden, the S-Alps, Spain, Andorra, Portugal, France, Albania, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Greece, Germany, Bosnia & Hercegovina, etc.
  • Continental: Asie'
      • Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia), Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan), Armenia, Georgia [Caucasus], Azerbaijan, Northern Caucasus, European Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Tibet, Mongolia, China (Anhui, Chongqing, E-Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, W-Hubei, W-Hunan, Jiangxi, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, NW-Sichuan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Tibet, Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia), Russian Far East (incl. Sakhalin), Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu), North Korea, South Korea

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: ناردين مخزني
azərbaycanca: Dərman pişikotu
беларуская: Валяр'ян лекавы
български: лечебна дилянка, Валериана
bosanski: Odoljen
català: Valeriana vera
čeština: kozlík lékařský
Чӑвашла: Кушак ути
Cymraeg: Triaglog gyffredin
dansk: Læge-Baldrian
Deutsch: Echter Baldrian, Katzenkraut, Stinkwurz, Hexenkraut, Augenwurzel, Mondwurz, Bullerjan, Tolljan, Katzenwargel, Arzneibaldrian
Ελληνικά: Βαλεριάνα, Αγριοζαμπούκος
English: garden valerian, garden heliotrope, all heal, cat's valerian
español: valeriana común, valeriana de las boticas, valeriana medicinal, valeriana, alfeñique, hierba o yerba de los gatos
eesti: Palderjan, Harilik palderjan
euskara: Belar bedeinkatu
فارسی: سنبل‌الطیب, سنبل الطیب, سنبل طیب
suomi: Rohtovirmajuuri
français: Valériane Officinale, Herbe aux Chats, Herbe de Saint-Georges, Herbe à la Femme Meurtrie, Valériane à petites feuilles, Valériane sauvage, Valériane des collines, Valeriane officinale
Gaeilge: Caorthann corraigh
galego: Herba benta
עברית: ולריאן רפואי, ולריאן
hrvatski: Valerijana
hornjoserbsce: Lěkarski bałdrijan
magyar: Orvosi macskagyökér
Bahasa Indonesia: Akar Valerian
íslenska: Garðabrúða
italiano: Valeriana Comune, Erba dei Gatti
日本語: セイヨウカノコソウ, ケッソウ, バルドリアン, 纈草, 吉草
қазақша: Түйіншөп
한국어: 설령쥐오줌풀
Кыргызча: Мышык тамыр
Latina: Valeriana officinalis
lietuvių: Vaistinis valerijonas
latviešu: Ārstnieciskais baldriāns, Baldriāns, Ārstniecības baldriāns
эрзянь: Боза тикше
norsk bokmål: legevendelrot
नेपाली: सुगन्धवाल
Nederlands: Echte Valeriaan, Valeriaan
norsk nynorsk: Lækjevendelrot
norsk: Legevendelrot
polski: Kozłek Lekarski
پښتو: طبي والرين
português: Valeriana
română: Valeriană, Valeriana
русский: Валериана лекарственная, Валерьяновые капли, Валерианы лекарственной корневища с корнями, Корневища с корнями валерианы, Валерьянка
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Valerijana, Odoljen, Odolen, Macina trava
slovenčina: valeriána lekárska
slovenščina: Baldrijan, Zdravilna špajka
српски / srpski: одољен, Валериан, Valerijana, Valerianaofficinalis, Macina trava, Makebohija
svenska: Läkevänderot, Vendelört, Äkta vänderot
Türkçe: Kedi otu
удмурт: Писэйтурын
українська: Валеріана лікарська
Tiếng Việt: Nữ lang
中文(简体)‎: 缬草
中文(繁體)‎: 纈草
中文(台灣)‎: 纈草
中文: 纈草, 鹿子草, 欧缅草, 缬草
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Valeriana officinalis on Wikimedia Commons.